Havana Syndrome Among Canadian Diplomats: Brain Imaging Reveals Acquired Neurotoxicity

  title={Havana Syndrome Among Canadian Diplomats: Brain Imaging Reveals Acquired Neurotoxicity},
  author={Alon Friedman and Cynthia V Calkin and Amanda J Adams and Guillermo A. Suarez and Timothy Bardouille and Noa Hacohen and A. Laine Green and R. Rishi Gupta and Javeria Ali Hashmi and Lyna Kamintsky and Jong Sung Kim and Robert LaRoche and Diane E MacKenzie and Dan Z. Milikovsky and Darren T. Oystreck and J Newton and Greg Noel and Jonathan Ofer and Maher A. Quraan and Claire Reardon and Margaux Ross and Derek James Rutherford and Matthias Helge Schmidt and Yonatan Serlin and Crystal L. Sweeney and Janine Verge and Leah A Walsh and Chris V. Bowen},
In late 2016, US diplomats stationed in Havana began presenting with a variety of neurological manifestations that proved difficult to diagnose. Though previous studies suggested a likely association with brain injury, the mechanism of injury, brain regions involved, and etiology remained unknown.We conducted a multimodal study examining 26 Canadian diplomats and their family members, the majority of whom presented with symptoms similar to their American counterparts while residing in Havana… 

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