Hatred and Profits: Under the Hood of the Ku Klux Klan*

  title={Hatred and Profits: Under the Hood of the Ku Klux Klan*},
  author={R. Fryer and S. Levitt},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  • R. Fryer, S. Levitt
  • Published 2012
  • Economics
  • Quarterly Journal of Economics
  • In this article, we analyze the 1920s Ku Klux Klan, those who joined it, and its social and political impact by combining a wide range of archival data sources with data from the 1920 and 1930 U.S censuses. We find that individuals who joined the Klan in some cities were more educated and more likely to hold professional jobs than the typical American. Surprisingly, we find little evidence that the Klan had an effect on black or foreign-born residential mobility or vote totals. Rather than a… CONTINUE READING
    23 Citations

    Figures and Tables from this paper


    The Ku Klux Klan in the City, 1915-1930
    • 105
    The Ku Klux Klan
    • 36
    • Highly Influential
    An Economic Theory of Clubs
    • 1,737
    Sect, Subsidy and Sacrifice: An Economist's View of Ultra-Orthodox Jews
    • 478
    • PDF
    Kleagles and Cash: The Ku Klux Klan As a Business Organization, 1915-1930
    • 8
    • Highly Influential
    Sacrifice and Stigma: Reducing Free-riding in Cults, Communes, and Other Collectives
    • L. Iannaccone
    • Economics, Political Science
    • Journal of Political Economy
    • 1992
    • 955
    Diminished Democracy
    • 56