Hashemites, Egyptians and Saudis: the tripartite struggle for the pilgrimage in the shadow of Ottoman defeat

  title={Hashemites, Egyptians and Saudis: the tripartite struggle for the pilgrimage in the shadow of Ottoman defeat},
  author={Joshua C. Teitelbaum},
  journal={Middle Eastern Studies},
  pages={36 - 47}
Abstract Most analyses of the fate of the Hijaz and the Muslim pilgrimage after the First World War have focused on the struggle between Hashemites and Saudis. But in actuality the Egyptians were heavily involved in this dispute, for the Hijaz had been for centuries part of a geopolitical system based on the Red Sea littoral states. Indeed, this was a tripartite struggle, which afforded much more room for maneuver than a simple bilateral one. This article covers the maneuvers of all three… 
Ageing brain and geopolitical leadership: a bio-psycho-sociological approach to the fall of Sharif of Mecca Husayn bin Ali, 1908–1924
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