Has Opposition to Immigration Increased in the United States after the Economic Crisis? An Experimental Approach 1

  title={Has Opposition to Immigration Increased in the United States after the Economic Crisis? An Experimental Approach 1},
  author={Mathew J. Creighton and Amaney A. Jamal and Natalia C. Malancu},
  journal={International Migration Review},
  pages={727 - 756}
We employ two population-level experiments to accurately measure opposition to immigration before and after the economic crisis of 2008. Our design explicitly addresses social desirability bias, which is the tendency to give responses that are seen favorably by others and can lead to substantial underreporting of opposition to immigration. We find that overt opposition to immigration, expressed as support for a closed border, increases slightly after the crisis. However, once we account for… 

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