Harpalycin 2 inhibits the enzymatic and platelet aggregation activities of PrTX-III, a D49 phospholipase A2 from Bothrops pirajai venom

@article{Ximenes2012Harpalycin2I,
  title={Harpalycin 2 inhibits the enzymatic and platelet aggregation activities of PrTX-III, a D49 phospholipase A2 from Bothrops pirajai venom},
  author={Rafael M Ximenes and Renata de Sousa Alves and Ticiana Praciano Pereira and Renata Mendonça Ara{\'u}jo and Edilberto Rocha Silveira and Marcelo Montenegro Rabello and Marcelo Zaldini Hernandes and Veronica C G Soares and Daniel Bristot and Camila Lehnhardt Pires and Daniela de Oliveira Toyama and Henrique Hessel Gaeta and Helena Serra Azul Monteiro and Marcos Hikari Toyama},
  journal={BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine},
  year={2012},
  volume={12},
  pages={139 - 139}
}
BackgroundHarpalycin 2 (HP-2) is an isoflavone isolated from the leaves of Harpalyce brasiliana Benth., a snakeroot found in northeast region of Brazil and used in folk medicine to treat snakebite. Its leaves are said to be anti-inflammatory. Secretory phospholipases A2 are important toxins found in snake venom and are structurally related to those found in inflammatory conditions in mammals, as in arthritis and atherosclerosis, and for this reason can be valuable tools for searching new anti… 
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Dissociation of enzymatic and pharmacological properties of piratoxins-I and -III, two myotoxic phospholipases A2 from Bothrops pirajai snake venom.
TLDR
Analysis of structural changes by circular dichroism spectroscopy demonstrated significant changes in the secondary structure only in the case of N-terminal octapeptide cleavage, which indicates that Pr TX-I and PrTX-III possess regions other than the catalytic site, which determine their toxic and pharmacological activities.
Effect of umbelliferone (7-hydroxycoumarin, 7-HOC) on the enzymatic, edematogenic and necrotic activities of secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) isolated from Crotalus durissus collilineatus venom.
TLDR
The data suggest that 7-HOC interacts with s PLA2 and causes some structural modifications that lead to a sharp decrease or inhibition of the edematogenic and myotoxic activities of this enzyme, indicating its potential use to suppress inflammation induced by sPLA2 from the snake venom.
Modulation of the pharmacological effects of enzymatically-active PLA2 by BTL-2, an isolectin isolated from the Bryothamnion triquetrum red alga
TLDR
The unexpected results observed for the PLA2-BTL-2 complex strongly suggest that the pharmacological activity of this PLA2 is not solely dependent on the presence of enzymatic activity, and that other pharmacological regions may also be involved.
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TLDR
It is observed that a treatment of PLA2 with morin induces several modifications in the aromatic amino acids, with accompanying changes in its amino acid composition, which may be an indication that PLA2 possess a second pharmacological site which does not affect or depend on the enzymatic activity.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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Isolation and Enzymatic Characterization of a Basic Phospholipase A2 from Bothrops jararacussu Snake Venom
TLDR
A novel basic phospholipase A2 (PLA2) isoform was isolated from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom and partially characterized and had high PLA2 activity and produced moderate myonecrosis in skeletal muscle, but showed no neuromuscular activity in mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparations.
An overview of lysine-49 phospholipase A2 myotoxins from crotalid snake venoms and their structural determinants of myotoxic action.
TLDR
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Purification and Amino Acid Sequence of MP-III 4R D49 Phospholipase A2 from Bothrops pirajai Snake Venom, a Toxin with Moderate PLA2 and Anticoagulant Activities and High Myotoxic Activity
TLDR
Based on the N-terminal sequence and biological activities, MP-III 4R was identified as similar to piratoxin-III (PrTX-III), which was isolated by conventional chromatography based on molecular exclusion ion exchange chromatography.
Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of piratoxin III, a D-49 phospholipase A2 from the venom of Bothrops pirajai.
TLDR
Piratoxin III (PrTX-III) is a phospholipase A2 (PLA2, E.C.3.1.4, phosphatide sn-2 acylhydrolase) isolated from Bothrops pirajai, using bothropstoxin I from the venom of B. jararacussu as a search model.
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