Harold Urey and the discovery of deuterium

@article{Brickwedde1982HaroldUA,
  title={Harold Urey and the discovery of deuterium},
  author={Ferdinand G. Brickwedde},
  journal={Physics Today},
  year={1982},
  volume={35},
  pages={34-39}
}
It was on Thanksgiving day in 1931 that Harold Clayton Urey found definitive evidence of a heavy isotope of hydrogen. Urey's discovery of deuterium is a story of the fruitful use of primitive nuclear and thermodynamic models. But it is also a story of missed opportunity and errors—errors that are particularly interesting because of the crucial positive role that some of them played in the discovery. A look at the nature of the theoretical and experimental work that led to the detection of… 
A Hydrogen Isotope of Mass 2
Deuterium
Deuterium (symbol D or 2H, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen. The nucleus of deuterium, called a deuteron, contains one proton and one neutron, whereas the far
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The proton inventory technique.
The proton inventory technique uses the dependence of enzymic reaction rate on the atom fraction of deuterium present in mixtures of protium oxide and deuterium oxide to deduce for simple cases the
Deuterium effects on the vibrational circular dichroism spectra of flavanone.
TLDR
Density functional theory calculations were used for the accurate prediction of vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectra and it was revealed that the VCD spectra show significant variations induced by the deuterium incorporation.
Dynamics of photohole trapping in silver chloride
Abstract EPR experiments on photoholes in both AgCl :Cu and AgCl :Pd show the existence of an activation energy barrier, of height near 1.8 meV, in the transition to the localized self-trapped state.
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The discovery of deuterium
  • For an interesting account of the discovery of deuterium, see
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