Harmless error analysis: How do judges respond to confession errors?

@article{Wallace2012HarmlessEA,
  title={Harmless error analysis: How do judges respond to confession errors?},
  author={Danielle Wallace and Saul M Kassin},
  journal={Law and human behavior},
  year={2012},
  volume={36 2},
  pages={151-7}
}
In Arizona v. Fulminante (1991), the U.S. Supreme Court opened the door for appellate judges to conduct a harmless error analysis of erroneously admitted, coerced confessions. In this study, 132 judges from three states read a murder case summary, evaluated the defendant's guilt, assessed the voluntariness of his confession, and responded to implicit and explicit measures of harmless error. Results indicated that judges found a high-pressure confession to be coerced and hence improperly… CONTINUE READING

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