Harmful Cyanobacterial Blooms: Causes, Consequences, and Controls

  title={Harmful Cyanobacterial Blooms: Causes, Consequences, and Controls},
  author={Hans W Paerl and Timothy G. Otten},
  journal={Microbial Ecology},
Cyanobacteria are the Earth’s oldest oxygenic photoautotrophs and have had major impacts on shaping its biosphere. Their long evolutionary history (∼3.5 by) has enabled them to adapt to geochemical and climatic changes, and more recently anthropogenic modifications of aquatic environments, including nutrient over-enrichment (eutrophication), water diversions, withdrawals, and salinization. Many cyanobacterial genera exhibit optimal growth rates and bloom potentials at relatively high water… CONTINUE READING
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