Hardware design experiences in ZebraNet

  title={Hardware design experiences in ZebraNet},
  author={Pei Zhang and Christopher M. Sadler and Stephen A. Lyon and Margaret Martonosi},
  booktitle={SenSys '04},
The enormous potential for wireless sensor networks to make a positive impact on our society has spawned a great deal of research on the topic, and this research is now producing environment-ready systems. [] Key Method The ZebraNet hardware is composed of a 16-bit TI microcontroller, 4 Mbits of off-chip flash memory, a 900 MHz radio, and a low-power GPS chip. In this paper, we discuss our techniques for devising efficient power supplies for sensor networks, methods of managing the energy consumption of the…
An ultra low power system architecture for sensor network applications
This paper describes an application-driven approach to the architectural design and implementation of a wireless sensor device that recognizes the event-driven nature of many sensor-network workloads and suggests one to two orders of magnitude reduction in power dissipation over existing commodity-based systems for an important class of sensor network applications.
Power Estimation using the Hogthrob Prototype Platform
The application requirements in the context of Hogthrob are described, the design of the Hoghtrob sensor node prototype is described and how to estimate power consumption is discussed, which will thus drive many of the design decisions.
Symphony: A Framework for Accurate and Holistic WSN Simulation
A simulation framework that accurately reproduces the processes that occur inside real equipment, including both hardware- and software-induced delays, is developed that should substantially shorten WSN application development cycles.
A Low-Power Mobile Sensing Architecture
It is argued that awareness of real or potential mobility enables a solution that handles the mobile case well, and supports stationary networks as a special case, and introduced the MOV metric, a measure of mobility, and techniques to gather it on a near nano-power budget.
Power Management Extensions for Tagus-SensorNet
The main issues related with the development of power management solutions, at different levels are discussed, presenting the architecture, design choices and implementation of this flexible Wireless Sensor Network platform.
Practical and robust power management for wireless sensor networks
This dissertation is on reusable power management techniques designed to facilitate sensor network developers in achieving their systems' required lifetimes and extends this holistic power management approach to two families of structural health monitoring applications.
High Performance , Low Power Sensor Platforms Featuring Gigabyte Scale Storage
This research has developed a sensor co-processing (CoS) architecture integrated with an System on Chip (SoC) based host platform for higher performance sensing needs, coupled with an interface integrating up to gigabyte scale energy efficient data storage system, which simultaneously satisfies the constraints of low power consumption and a small form factor.
Perpetual environmentally powered sensor networks
  • X. Jiang, J. Polastre, D. Culler
  • Computer Science
    IPSN 2005. Fourth International Symposium on Information Processing in Sensor Networks, 2005.
  • 2005
Environmental energy is an attractive power source for low power wireless sensor networks. We present Prometheus, a system that intelligently manages energy transfer for perpetual operation without
Concise and flexible programming of wireless sensor networks
This dissertation motivates and describes the design and implementation of the SensorScheme platform, a programming language and interpreter based on the Scheme programming language, designed for wireless sensor networks to addresses the above challenges.
A building block approach to sensornet systems
We present a building block approach to hardware platform design based on a decade of collective experience in this area, arriving at an architecture in which general-purpose modules that require


Implementing software on resource-constrained mobile sensors: experiences with Impala and ZebraNet
This paper discusses and evaluates ZebraNet's system design decisions in the face of a range of real-world constraints, and describes Impala's network interface which unifies media access control and transport control into an efficient network protocol.
System architecture directions for networked sensors
Key requirements are identified, a small device is developed that is representative of the class, a tiny event-driven operating system is designed, and it is shown that it provides support for efficient modularity and concurrency-intensive operation.
PicoRadio Supports Ad Hoc Ultra-Low Power Wireless Networking
The authors present a configurable architecture that enables these opportunities to be efficiently realized in silicon and believe that this energy-conscious system design and implementation methodology will lead to radio nodes that are two orders of magnitude more efficient than existing solutions.
Wireless integrated network sensors
The WINS network represents a new monitoring and control capability for applications in such industries as transportation, manufacturing, health care, environmental oversight, and safety and security, and opportunities depend on development of a scalable, low-cost, sensor-network architecture.
Impala: a middleware system for managing autonomic, parallel sensor systems
Impala is a lightweight runtime system that can greatly improve system reliability, performance, and energy-efficiency and the ideas introduced here for sensor networks have applicability more broadly in other long-running autonomous parallel systems.
Energy-centric enabling tecumologies for wireless sensor networks
Two particular enablers for energy conservation are advocated: the ability to trade off performance for energy savings within the node; and collaborative processing among nodes to reduce the overall energy dissipated in the network.
Complex Behavior at Scale: An Experimental Study of Low-Power Wireless Sensor Networks
The study reveals that even a simple protocol, flooding, can exhibit surprising complexity at scale, and lays a foundation for a much wider set of algorithmic studies in this space.
Mica: A Wireless Platform for Deeply Embedded Networks
Mica provides a set of richly interconnected primitives to facilitate cross-layer optimizations and develops customized protocols tailored to their application; Mica does not require use of predefined protocols.
Electronic shepherd - a low-cost, low-bandwidth, wireless network system
The ES system, including GPS receivers, UHF radio communication transceivers and GPRS modems, contributes a new approach for low-cost networking and service implementation, not only for the purpose of animal tracking, but also for other applications where objects are to be monitored at a low cost.
Energy-efficient computing for wildlife tracking: design tradeoffs and early experiences with ZebraNet
The goal is to use the least energy, storage, and other resources necessary to maintain a reliable system with a very high `data homing' success rate and it is believed that the domain-centric protocols and energy tradeoffs presented here for ZebraNet will have general applicability in other wireless and sensor applications.