Hard and soft paths for climate change adaptation

  title={Hard and soft paths for climate change adaptation},
  author={Benjamin Sovacool},
  journal={Climate Policy},
  pages={1177 - 1183}
Amory Lovins’ distinction between ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ paths of energy technologies is applied, mutatis mutandis, to humanity's efforts to adapt to climate change. It is argued that hard adaptive measures involve capital-intensive, large, complex, inflexible technology and infrastructure, whereas soft adaptive measures prioritize natural capital, community control, simplicity and appropriateness. The prevalence of these two types of adaptation pathways is illustrated through two case studies from… Expand
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