Hard and soft news: A review of concepts, operationalizations and key findings

@article{Reinemann2012HardAS,
  title={Hard and soft news: A review of concepts, operationalizations and key findings},
  author={Carsten Reinemann and James Stanyer and Sebastian Scherr and Guido Legnante},
  journal={Journalism},
  year={2012},
  volume={13},
  pages={221 - 239}
}
Over 30 years, a large body of research on what is often called ‘hard’ and ‘soft news’ has accumulated in communication studies. However, there is no consensus about what hard and soft news exactly is, or how it should be defined or measured. Moreover, the concept has not been clearly differentiated from or systematically related to concepts addressing very similar phenomena – tabloidization and ‘infotainment’. Consequently, the results of various studies are hard to compare and different… 
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