Hard Evidence on Soft Skills

@article{Heckman2012HardEO,
  title={Hard Evidence on Soft Skills},
  author={James J. Heckman and Tim Kautz},
  journal={IZA Institute of Labor Economics Discussion Paper Series},
  year={2012}
}
  • J. Heckman, Tim Kautz
  • Published 1 June 2012
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • IZA Institute of Labor Economics Discussion Paper Series
This paper summarizes recent evidence on what achievement tests measure; how achievement tests relate to other measures of "cognitive ability" like IQ and grades; the important skills that achievement tests miss or mismeasure, and how much these skills matter in life. Achievement tests miss, or perhaps more accurately, do not adequately capture, soft skills-personality traits, goals, motivations, and preferences that are valued in the labor market, in school, and in many other domains. The… 

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