Happy mouth and sad eyes: scanning emotional facial expressions.

  title={Happy mouth and sad eyes: scanning emotional facial expressions.},
  author={Hedwig Eisenbarth and Georg W. Alpers},
  volume={11 4},
There is evidence that specific regions of the face such as the eyes are particularly relevant for the decoding of emotional expressions, but it has not been examined whether scan paths of observers vary for facial expressions with different emotional content. In this study, eye-tracking was used to monitor scanning behavior of healthy participants while looking at different facial expressions. Locations of fixations and their durations were recorded, and a dominance ratio (i.e., eyes and mouth… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Examining the visual screening patterns of emotional facial expressions with gender, age and lateralization
The main objective of the study is to investigate the effects of age of model, gender of observer, and lateralization on visual screening patterns while looking at the emotional facial expressions.
Featural processing in recognition of emotional facial expressions
The complexity of the results suggests that the recognition process of emotional facial expressions cannot be reduced to a simple feature processing or holistic processing for all emotions.
Effects of Briefly Presented Masked Emotional Facial Expressions on Gaze Behavior: An Eye-Tracking Study
The idea that briefly presented fearful and happy facial expressions trigger an automatic mechanism that is sensitive to the distribution of relevant facial features and facilitates the orientation of gaze toward them supports the idea that faces diagnostic of specific emotional facial expressions are processed preferentially.
Perceived emotional expressions of composite faces
The data indicate that whether a face that combines features from two emotional expressions leads to a percept based on only one of the expressions (categorical perception) or integration of the two expressions (dimensional perception), or something altogether different, strongly depends upon the expressions involved.
The eyes are not the window to basic emotions
Identification of Emotional Facial Expressions: Effects of Expression, Intensity, and Sex on Eye Gaze
Important effects of expression, emotion intensity, and sex on expression recognition and gaze behaviour are shown, and may have implications for understanding the ways in which emotion recognition abilities break down.
Can the eyes reveal a person’s emotions? Biasing role of the mouth expression
In this study we investigated how perception of the eye expression in a face is influenced by the mouth expression, even when only the eyes are directly looked at. The same eyes appeared in a face
Holistic Gaze Strategy to Categorize Facial Expression of Varying Intensities
It seems that a holistic viewing strategy to extract expressive cues from all internal facial features in processing of naturalistic facial expressions is adopted, which is similar across different facial expressions and different intensities.
Selective eye fixations on diagnostic face regions of dynamic emotional expressions: KDEF-dyn database
The eye movements of observers inspecting dynamic expressions that changed from a neutral to an emotional face were assessed to determine attentional orienting, engagement, and time course of fixation on diagnostic regions of emotional expressions.
Emotion in the voice influences the way we scan emotional faces


Valence and arousal: a comparison of two sets of emotional facial expressions.
It is concluded that less intense female expressions but more intense male expressions may be more potent in inducing emotional responses.
Facial expressions of emotion (KDEF): Identification under different display-duration conditions
In general, happy faces were identified more accurately, earlier, and faster than other faces, whereas judgments of fearful faces were the least accurate, the latest, and the slowest.
Is this happiness I see? Biases in the identification of emotional facial expressions in depression and social phobia.
The depressed participants required significantly greater intensity of emotion than did the social phobic and the control participants to correctly identify happy expressions and less intensity to identify sad than angry expressions and implications of these results for interpersonal functioning in depression and social phobia are discussed.
Facial reactions to emotional stimuli: Automatically controlled emotional responses
Based on a model in which the facial muscles can be both automatically/involuntarily controlled and voluntarily controlled by conscious processes, we explore whether spontaneously evoked facial
How others perceive orthognathic patients: an eye-tracking study.
The eye movement data revealed that orthognathic patients were appraised differently from the Class I individuals, with fewer fixations in the face center, especially around the mouth.
Eye-movement assessment of the time course in facial expression recognition: Neurophysiological implications
Happy faces were identified faster in extrafoveal vision, required less encoding effort, and required less decision-making effort during recognition, revealing a happy-face identification advantage both prior to and during overt attentional processing.
Facial-affect recognition and visual scanning behaviour in the course of schizophrenia