Happy as an Extraverted Clam?

  title={Happy as an Extraverted Clam?},
  author={Kristina M. Deneve},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  pages={141 - 144}
  • K. Deneve
  • Published 1 October 1999
  • Psychology
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
Personality characteristics, especially the traits of extraversion and neuroticism, have been proposed as the primary determinant of subjective wellbeing (SWB). Meta-analytic evidence presented here suggests that personality is indeed strongly related with SWB, and that only health is more strongly correlated with SWB. In a study of 137 personality traits that have been correlated with SWB, neuroticism was one of the strongest negative correlates of SWB. However, extraversion was not the… Expand
Not restricted by their personality: Balanced Time Perspective moderates well-established relationships between personality traits and well-being
Abstract Links between two major personality traits – extraversion and neuroticism – and subjective well-being (SWB) are well-confirmed. Prior research has also shown that SWB is significantlyExpand
Social connectedness, extraversion, and subjective well-being: Testing a mediation model
Abstract This investigation examined social connectedness as distinct from extraversion and as a mediation variable in the relationship between extraversion and subjective well-being. A collegeExpand
The present study examined the relationship between personality and social factors in happiness disposition among males and females. The sample comprised 500 Indian adolescents with equal number ofExpand
Subjective Wellbeing: An Assessment of Competing Theories
This thesis set out to develop, examine, and test differing theoretical models of Subjective Wellbeing (SWB). SWB is the subjective evaluation of an individual’s satisfaction with life. EarlyExpand
Well-Being and Perceived Health in Multiple Sclerosis (MS): The Role of Personality
Objectives: Personality is known to have a substantial impact on health and overall well-being. Neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness in particular have been shown to be stronglyExpand
The Role of Adolescent Neuroticism for Adult Partner Relationships and Happiness
Neuroticism and partner relationship quality are associated with happines. A Swedish longitudinal project was utilized to examine whether these two aspects together determine happiness. AdolescentExpand
Personality, Relationships with Others and Psychological Well-Being: A Pilot Study on the Gabonese Older People
Each Individual is linked to his social environment by support relationships. This concern both aid that the individual himself provides and his social resources. We studied the hypothesized mediatorExpand
Agreeableness, extraversion and life satisfaction: Investigating the mediating roles of social inclusion and status.
The results show that both extraversion and agreeableness are positively associated with life satisfaction and that this association is much stronger for extraversion, and the mediation analysis shows that agreesableness has a negative direct effect on life satisfaction over and above the positive indirect effect through inclusion. Expand
The Conceptual and Relational Structure of Subjective Well-Being, Neuroticism, and Extraversion: Once Again, Neuroticism Is the Important Predictor of Happiness
The purpose of this study wastwofold: (1) to analyze and explore theconceptual structure of subjective well-being(SWB), neuroticism (N) and extraversion (E);and (2) to compare the effect sizes of NExpand
The Role of Personality Factors in the Dynamics of Context and Psychological Well-Being
The purpose of this study was to determine personality factors that mediate between context and psychological well-being. A convenience sample of 514 mutlicultural participants from PotchefstroomExpand


The happy personality: a meta-analysis of 137 personality traits and subjective well-being.
This meta-analysis used 9 literature search strategies to examine 137 distinct personality constructs as correlates of subjective well-being (SWB). Personality was found to be equally predictive ofExpand
Adding Liebe und Arbeit: The Full Five-Factor Model and Well-Being
Neuroticism, extraversion, and openness to experience have been shown to have systematic effects on psychological well being. The remaining dimensions in the five-factor model ofExpand
Traits Can Be Powerful, but Are Not Enough: Lessons from Subjective Well-Being
Abstract In the field of subjective well-being (SWB), Mischel's (1968) critique of personality is flipped on its head: personality traits strongly predict SWB, whereas situations often have only aExpand
On traits and temperament: general and specific factors of emotional experience and their relation to the five-factor model.
The results for Neuroticism and Extraversion further clarify the temperamental basis of these higher order trait dimensions; whereas those obtained for Agreeableness and Conscientiousness illustrate the importance of examining personality-affect relations at the lower order level. Expand
Who Is Happy?
A flood of new studies explores people's subjective well-being (SWB) Frequent positive affect, infrequent negative affect, and a global sense of satisfaction with life define high SWB These studiesExpand
Hedonic consequences of social comparison: a contrast of happy and unhappy people.
Two studies tested the hypothesis that self-rated unhappy individuals would be more sensitive to social comparison information than would happy ones and found that between-group differences proved to be largely independent of 2 factors associated with happiness, i.e., self-esteem and optimism. Expand
Subjective well-being.
  • E. Diener
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological bulletin
  • 1984
The literature on subjective well-being (SWB), including happiness, life satisfaction, and positive affect, is reviewed in three areas: measurement, causal factors, and theory. Psychometric data onExpand
Subjective Well-Being: Three Decades of Progress
W. Wilson's (1967) review of the area of subjective well-being (SWB) advanced several conclusions regarding those who report high levels of "happiness". A number of his conclusions have beenExpand
Happiness Is a Stochastic Phenomenon
Happiness, or subjective well-being, was measured on a birth-record-based sample of several thousand middle-aged twins using the Well-Being (WB) scale of the Multidimensional PersonalityExpand
Desire for Control and the Use of Attribution Processes
The hypothesis that people engage in attribution processes to obtain a sense of control was tested In each of three experiments, subjects identified on an individual difference measure as high in aExpand