Happy People Live Longer: Subjective Well-Being Contributes to Health and Longevity

  title={Happy People Live Longer: Subjective Well-Being Contributes to Health and Longevity},
  author={Ed Diener and Micaela Y. Chan},
  journal={Employee Benefits},
Seven types of evidence are reviewed that indicate that high subjective well-being (such as life satisfaction, absence of negative emotions, optimism, and positive emotions) causes better health and longevity. For example, prospective longitudinal studies of normal populations provide evidence that various types of subjective well-being such as positive affect predict health and longevity, controlling for health and socioeconomic status at baseline. Combined with experimental human and animal… 
Living Healthier and Longer Lives: Subjective Well- Being’s Association with Better Health
This chapter reviews the most recent and highest quality evidence for whether and how subjective well-being is linked with living healthier and longer lives.
Subjective Well-Being and Health Behaviors in 2.5 Million Americans.
It is found that both life satisfaction and positive affect, but not negative affect, are unique predictors of health behavior, even after controlling for a wide range of variables, including demographics, chronic illness, daily stress and pain, and other relevant factors.
A Scientific Review of the Remarkable Benefits of Happiness for Successful and Healthy Living
Summary Subjective well-being reflects the happiness of citizens and includes whether they believe and feel that their lives are desirable, satisfying, and rewarding. It is a key indicator of
Associations between Longevity and Subjective Well-Being by Country
The cognitive component of subjective well-being had a stronger impact than the emotional component did on life expectancy, however, subjective and psychological factors play more important roles in prolonging lifespans than objective factors such as economic and medical indicators do.
Early-Life Contributors to Child Well-Being
The newly emerging field of positive psychology focuses on the positive facets of life, including happiness, life satisfaction, personal strengths, and flourishing. Research in this field has
Subjective Well-Being among Primary Health Care Patients
Screening for depression and anxiety should be applied at the primary healthcare level because negative mood status is more important than some socio-demographic characteristics in respect of unhappiness and dissatisfaction.
Longitudinal Profiles of Psychological Well-Being and Health: Findings From Japan
The results showed that persistently high well-being predicted better health over time, and high-arousal positive affect, which is relatively less valued in Japanese culture, was also associated with better health.
Well-Being at Work: Some Differences Between Life Satisfaction and Personal Growth as Predictors of Subjective Health and Sick-Leave
Happiness researchers have begun to study how well-being affects health, in addition to how health influences well-being. The present article follows this trend by reviewing how two separate
Does Happiness Improve Health? Evidence From a Randomized Controlled Trial
Combining experimental and longitudinal methodologies, this work provides some evidence for a causal effect of subjective well-being on self-reported physical health.


The power of positive emotions: it's a matter of life or death--subjective well-being and longevity over 28 years in a general population.
  • Jingping Xu, R. Roberts
  • Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2010
Subjective Well-Being and its various positive components, but not NF, significantly predict longevity in the general population.
Healthy happiness: effects of happiness on physical health and the consequences for preventive health care
Happiness does not cure illness but it does protect against becoming ill, and public health can be promoted by policies that aim at greater happiness of a greater number by strengthening individual life-abilities and by improving the livability of the social environment.
Psychological well-being and health . Contributions of positive psychology
Positive Psychology is contributing to a more precise definition of the outline of human well-being and is fully incorporating studies on positive elements (strengths and positive emotions) that are
Happiness and Life Satisfaction Prospectively Predict Self-Rated Health, Physical Health, and the Presence of Limiting, Long-Term Health Conditions
This study showed that happier people and those who were more satisfied with their lives at baseline reported better health at the 2-year follow-up when adjusted for baseline health and other relevant covariates.
The Benefits of Frequent Positive Affect: Does Happiness Lead to Success?
The results reveal that happiness is associated with and precedes numerous successful outcomes, as well as behaviors paralleling success, and the evidence suggests that positive affect may be the cause of many of the desirable characteristics, resources, and successes correlated with happiness.
Health benefits: Meta-analytically determining the impact of well-being on objective health outcomes
Findings point to potential biological pathways, such that well-being can directly bolster immune functioning and buffer the impact of stress, which are not solely due to ill-being having a detrimental impact on health.
Positive affect and health-related neuroendocrine, cardiovascular, and inflammatory processes.
It is shown that positive affect in middle-aged men and women is associated with reduced neuroendocrine, inflammatory, and cardiovascular activity and independent of psychological distress, supporting the notion that positive well-being is directly related to health-relevant biological processes.
Positive affect and psychobiological processes relevant to health.
Positive affect is associated with protective psychosocial factors such as greater social connectedness, perceived social support, optimism, and preference for adaptive coping responses, and may be part of a broader profile of psychossocial resilience that reduces risk of adverse physical health outcomes.
The Association Between Emotional Well-Being and the Incidence of Stroke in Older Adults
Increasing scores on the modified CES-D are related to an increased risk of stroke, whereas high levels of positive affect seem to protect against stroke in older adults.
Is positive well-being protective of mobility limitations among older adults?
Life satisfaction and perceptions of future happiness were both associated with the development of fewer mobility limitations during follow-up, but only for those participants who had no mobility limitations at baseline.