Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being.

  title={Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being.},
  author={Carol D. Ryff},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  • C. Ryff
  • Published 1989
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Reigning measures of psychological well-being have little theoretical grounding, despite an extensive literature on the contours of positive functioning. Aspects of well-being derived from this literature (i.e., self-acceptance, positive relations with others, autonomy, environmental mastery, purpose in life, and personal growth) were operationalized. Three hundred and twenty-one men and women, divided among young, middle-aged, and older adults, rated themselves on these measures along with six… 

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