Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being.

@article{Ryff1989HappinessIE,
  title={Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being.},
  author={Carol D. Ryff},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={1989},
  volume={57},
  pages={1069-1081}
}
  • C. Ryff
  • Published 1989
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Reigning measures of psychological well-being have little theoretical grounding, despite an extensive literature on the contours of positive functioning. Aspects of well-being derived from this literature (i.e., self-acceptance, positive relations with others, autonomy, environmental mastery, purpose in life, and personal growth) were operationalized. Three hundred and twenty-one men and women, divided among young, middle-aged, and older adults, rated themselves on these measures along with six… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Measuring happiness: The higher order factor structure of subjective and psychological well-being measures
Abstract The nature and structure of well-being is a topic that has garnered increasing interest with the emergence of positive psychology. Limited research to date suggests two separate but relatedExpand
Psychological Well Being: Positivity for Life
Psychological well being fathers happiness for mankind. It is not a new concept for human race. The concept of well-being is as old as human civilization, yet its relevance in present age is as novelExpand
Locus of control, feeling of happiness and self-esteem: interrelation analysis
Recent interest in positive psychology is reflected in a plenty of studies conducted on its basic constructs in interrelation with personality features, social rules, business and technologyExpand
Wisdom and Psychosocial Functioning in Later Life.
TLDR
Latent path analysis indicated that the bivariate associations between adjustment and wisdom and between generativity and wisdom were mediated by growth. Expand
Meaning and Well-Being
The topic of meaning in life is coming to the fore in well-being research. From an arcane existential idea to a cornerstone of wellbeing, the path from obscurity to recognition was establishedExpand
Big Five and psychological and subjective well-being in Colombian older adults.
TLDR
Neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness represent personality predispositions for general well-being, and Neuroticism was the only significant predictor of negative affect and neuroticism showed a negative and significant association with all of the psychologicalWell-being dimensions. Expand
Coping Effects on Life Meaning, Basic Psychological Needs and Well-Being
The article outlines the effects of the proactive coping on well-being in a convenient sample comprising 350 Bulgarians, aged 18 - 55. Volunteers were administered self-assessment instruments,Expand
Introduction to the Special Issue: Psychosocial Identity and Well-Being
It is well established in the literature that successful progress in the task of identity formation is associated with a wide variety of aspects of personality, values, attitudes, and behaviorsExpand
Does Meaning in Life Predict Psychological Well-Being?
This paper analyzes the relationship between meaning in life and psychological well-being in a sample of 180 Spanish undergraduates (138 women, 76.7%; 42 men, 23.3%) aged 18-55, M = 22.91, SD = 6.71.Expand
Affect Balance as Mediating Variable Between Effective Psychological Functioning and Satisfaction with Life
Well-being is a multidimensional construct which includes hedonic and eudaimonic aspects. Hedonic well-being is focused on happiness, while eudaimonic well-being is focused on developing of humanExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 84 REFERENCES
In the eye of the beholder: views of psychological well-being among middle-aged and older adults.
  • C. Ryff
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychology and aging
  • 1989
TLDR
Middle-aged respondents stressed self-confidence, self-acceptance, and self-knowledge, whereas older persons cited accepting change as an important quality of positive functioning, in addition to attention to positive relations with others as an index of well-being. Expand
The structure of psychological well-being: a sociohistorical analysis.
TLDR
The present data suggest that historically bounded role expectations shape the evaluative schemata people use to judge their own well-being, through which men have begun to base their self-evaluations less on work-related issues and more on family life, whereas women have shown a lesser opposite trend. Expand
Thirty years of research on the subjective well-being of older americans.
  • R. Larson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of gerontology
  • 1978
TLDR
This research shows reported well-being to be most strongly related to health, followed by socioeconomic factors and degree of social interaction, for the general population of Americans over 60, and tentatively indicates that negative life situation exigencies create a greater vulnerability to the impact of other negative conditions. Expand
The varieties of wellbeing.
  • M. Lawton
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Experimental aging research
  • 1983
TLDR
Research findings are presented, which show that two dimensions of psychological well-being, negative affect and positive affect, are among the important domains in this sector and Bradburn's two-factor theory is supported. Expand
Subjective well-being.
  • E. Diener
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological bulletin
  • 1984
The literature on subjective well-being (SWB), including happiness, life satisfaction, and positive affect, is reviewed in three areas: measurement, causal factors, and theory. Psychometric data onExpand
Meaning and purpose in life and well-being: a life-span perspective.
TLDR
Three hundred men and women at five developmental stages from young adulthood to the old-old completed measures of life attitudes and well-being to attest to the importance of various life attitudes in promoting health and wellness. Expand
Beyond Ponce de Leon and Life Satisfaction: New Directions in Quest of Successful Ageing
Previous approaches to the study of successful ageing are reviewed. It is argued that there has been an absence of theory guiding this research; an implicit negativism in the proposed conceptions ofExpand
Structure of subjective well-being among the elderly.
TLDR
A model consisting of three recurrent components of expressions of well-being--positive affect, negative affect, and cognition--was compared with two variations of models proposed by Liang, and all models provided an acceptable fit. Expand
Successful aging: a developmental approach.
  • C. Ryff
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Gerontologist
  • 1982
TLDR
This article examines previous perspectives on successful aging and presents a new alternative to illustrate how a developmental orientation adds new challenges and dimensions to the task of growing old successfully. Expand
Toward a Psychology of Being
A LARGER JURISDICTION FOR PSYCHOLOGY. Introduction: Toward a Psychology of Health. What Psychology Can Learn from the Existentialists. GROWTH AND MOTIVATION. Deficiency Motivation and GrowthExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...