Hans Berger: From Psychic Energy to the EEG

  title={Hans Berger: From Psychic Energy to the EEG},
  author={David E. Millett},
  journal={Perspectives in Biology and Medicine},
  pages={522 - 542}
  • D. Millett
  • Published 1 November 2001
  • Psychology
  • Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
522 ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY HAS SERVED as one of the fundamental tools of clinical neurology for over a half-century. The spontaneous electrical rhythms of the mammalian brain were first demonstrated in the 1870s by Liverpool physiologist Richard Caton, and were subsequently investigated by Napoleon Cybulski,Adolf Beck, Fleischl von Marxow, and others. The development of the human electroencephalogram (EEG), however, can be traced to only one man: the German psychiatrist Hans Berger (1873–1941… 

Figures from this paper

Early history of electroencephalography and establishment of the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society.
  • J. Stone, J. R. Hughes
  • Biology
    Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
  • 2013
Remarkable progress in the development of EEG as a useful clinical tool followed the 1935 report by the Harvard group on the electrographic and clinical correlations in patients with absence (petit mal) seizures and altered states of consciousness.
Frederic Gibbs and his contributions to epilepsy surgery and electroencephalography.
Frederic Gibbs' long research career was devoted to the understanding and treatment of epileptic phenomena and closely associated with the development of electroencephalography (EEG), and he was the first to convincingly record and report EEG findings in epilepsy and states of altered consciousness.
Historical Overview of Electroencephalography: from Antiquity to the Beginning of the 21 st Century
The aim of this article is to present the historical overview of electroencephalography starting from the ancient years until the beginning of the twenty-first century.
Forgotten rhythms? Revisiting the first evidence for rhythms in cognition
Findings from the early EEG literature regarding the character, origin, and meaning of human brain rhythms are reviewed, beginning with Berger's publications and then focusing on the use of regular visual stimulation as a tool to understand intrinsic brain rhythms.
Glancing Behind the Scenes
With this message, the German psychiatrist and psychophysiologist Hans Berger, also known as the discoverer of the human electroencephalogram (EEG), finished his last published document. The quote
Neuronal Mechanisms Recording the Stream of Consciousness–A Reappraisal of Wilder Penfield’s (1891–1976) Concept of Experiential Phenomena Elicited by Electrical Stimulation of the Human Cortex
Research on memory has been a major focus in the neurosciences over the past decades. An important advance was achieved by Wilder Penfield at the Montreal Neurological Institute, who reported from
Historical Perspective on the Development of Cerebral Localization, Cerebral Cortical Motor Stimulation, and Sensory Evoked Potentials
John Hughlings Jackson (Fig. 1), often called the “The Father of Neurology” was a keen-eyed observer with a passion for detail and brooding intelligence, which enabled him to see general laws
On the Physiological Modulation and Potential Mechanisms Underlying Parieto-Occipital Alpha Oscillations
This Research Topic reviews human pharmacological studies usingEEG and magnetoencephalography that investigated the physiological mechanisms behind posterior alpha to speculate that the functional role of alpha might depend on physiological excitation as much as on physiological inhibition.
Introduction to Human Electroencephalography
  • Gagandeep Kaur
  • Computer Science
    Advances in Systems Analysis, Software Engineering, and High Performance Computing
  • 2019
The chapter briefs the history of human EEG and goes back to the origins and fundamentals of electrical activity in brain, how this activity reaches the scalp, methods to capture this high temporal activity.
On the Energy Cost of Mental Effort
  • T. Sourkes
  • Psychology
    Journal of the history of the neurosciences
  • 2006
The discovery of the Law of Conservation of Energy in the 1840s had consequences for psychological theory, and modern approaches to the problem make use of PET imaging, which detects local changes in glucose utilization by the brain during cognitive activity.


HANS BERGER ON THE ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM OF MAN Supplement 28 : Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
This book contains the 14 original reports on the human electroencephalogram and is well produced with excellent copies of the illustrations, although the translation is always readable, although it does reflect the complexity which must have characterized the German text.
Berger lecture. Is Berger's dream coming true?
  • P. Gloor
  • Psychology, Biology
    Electroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology
  • 1994
Some european neuroscientists: A personal tribute
1. Personal recollections of prominent neuroscientists whom the author met during the years 1930–1950 are given with special reference to neurophysiology. Some traits of Paul Hoffmann, Walter R.
The Neurosciences: Paths of Discovery, I
Gadially's atlas of ultrastructural pathology is incom¬ plete and idiosyncratic in coverage, and the quality of the electron micro¬ graphs varies greatly.
Über das Elektrenkephalogramm des Menschen (On the human
  • 1929
Zur Mechanik des Gehirnbaues ( On the mechanism of the brain )
  • Sammlung von populaer - wissenschaftlichen Vortraegen über den Bau und die Leistungen des Gehirns ( Collection of popular - scientific lectures on the form and function of the brain )