Handwriting Performance in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  title={Handwriting Performance in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)},
  author={Marie Brossard Racine and Annette Majnemer and Michael Israel Shevell and Laurie Margaret Snider},
  journal={Journal of Child Neurology},
  pages={399 - 406}
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehavioral condition of childhood. Consequences are multifaceted and include activity limitations in daily-living skills, academic challenges, diminished socialization skills, and motor difficulties. Poor handwriting performance is an example of an affected life skill that has been anecdotally observed by educators and clinicians for this population and can negatively impact academic performance and self-esteem. To guide… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Handwriting in Children With ADHD

It was concluded that handwriting might be impaired in children with ADHD in a manner dependent on symptom severity, which may reflect reports of underlying motor impairment in ADHD.

Written composition performance of students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

ABSTRACT Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is frequently associated with learning disabilities. The present study examined the written composition of children with ADHD, which depends

The incidence of dysgraphia in Arabic language in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Dysgraphia highly presents in the authors' sample of ADHD children with poor fine motor skills in ADHD children than normal children, and ADHD children have illegible handwriting, not respecting lines, insufficient space between and within words, multiple spelling errors, and omissions of letters or words.

Persistent Handwriting Difficulties in Children With ADHD After Treatment With Stimulant Medication

Handwriting difficulties are common in children with ADHD, and medication alone is not sufficient to resolve these challenges, and changes in handwriting legibility was best determined by improvements in visual-motor integration skills.

Functional handwriting performance in school-age children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

Results provide evidence of functional handwriting challenges for children with FASD and suggest diminished visual-motor skills and increased difficulty as task complexity increases.

Psychomotor intervention to improve handwriting skills in children with ADHD: A single-case experimental design with direct inter-subject and systematic replications.

Pro-PEN can be considered a promising training program for improving handwriting quality in ADHD, with a possible impact on wide cerebral regulation loops underpinning both handwriting and other neuropsychological and behavioural domains.



Visuomotor Perception in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined Type

  • D. Raggio
  • Psychology
    Perceptual and motor skills
  • 1999
This study lends support to the hypothesis that ADHD-CT children without learning disabilities exhibit deficits on tasks requiring visuomotor perception.

Handwriting and attention in children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Both children and adults with ADHD could perform age-appropriate and automated handwriting movements and children with ADHD on medication gave more attention to the writing process, possibly hampering fluent handwriting movements.

Handwriting Deficits in Children With Minimal Brain Dysfunction

It is believed that methylphenidate has a direct positive effect on visual-perceptual-motor deficits often found in children with hyperactivity and learning disabilities.

Fine motor skills and effects of methylphenidate in children with attention‐deficit—hyperactivity disorder and developmental coordination disorder

Investigating fine motor skills of children with both attention‐deficit–hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and those of a control group found that children with ADHD–DCD performed more poorly on the manual dexterity subtests, had poorer quality of handwriting, and drew more rapidly, more fluently, but less accurately than controls on the graphomotor task.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Review of Research on Movement Skill Performance and Physical Fitness

The purpose of this study was to present a comprehensive review of research on the movement performance and physical fitness of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and offer

Motor skills in Australian children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

The motor skills of 38 children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) were assessed. The majority of children had gross and fine motor skills within the normal range, with age

Deficits in motor control processes involved in production of graphic movements of children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder.

No evidence was found for a deficit in motor planning, but parameter setting appeared to be deficient as the ADHD group made less accurate strokes when accuracy demands increased.

Motor coordination and kinaesthesis in boys with attention deficit–hyperactivity disorder

The severity of the children's inattentive symptomatology was found to be a significant predictor of motor coordination difficulties and the type and degree of movement difficulty differed between subtypes.

The Effect of Conscious Control on Handwriting in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The results indicate that automated handwriting movements are independent from visual feedback, and suggest that both visual and mental control of handwriting movements affect the automation of handwriting movement.

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Longitudinal Case Study of Handwriting Characteristics

This longitudinal case study focuses on handwriting samples of a female diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder from 12 years of age to 21 years ofAge, when the drug was discontinued.