Hand-Held Medical Robots

  title={Hand-Held Medical Robots},
  author={Christopher J. Payne and Guang-Zhong Yang},
  journal={Annals of Biomedical Engineering},
Medical robots have evolved from autonomous systems to tele-operated platforms and mechanically-grounded, cooperatively-controlled robots. Whilst these approaches have seen both commercial and clinical success, uptake of these robots remains moderate because of their high cost, large physical footprint and long setup times. More recently, researchers have moved toward developing hand-held robots that are completely ungrounded and manipulated by surgeons in free space, in a similar manner to how… CONTINUE READING
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