Haloacetic acids in swimming pools: swimmer and worker exposure.

@article{Cardador2011HaloaceticAI,
  title={Haloacetic acids in swimming pools: swimmer and worker exposure.},
  author={M. J. Cardador and M. Gallego},
  journal={Environmental science & technology},
  year={2011},
  volume={45 13},
  pages={
          5783-90
        }
}
  • M. J. Cardador, M. Gallego
  • Published 2011
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Environmental science & technology
  • For the first time, the exposure of swimmers and workers to haloacetic acids (HAAs) in indoor and outdoor pools was evaluated through the analysis of urine samples. The subjects of this study, 49 volunteers, were male and female workers as well as swimmers (adults and children) who regularly attended an indoor pool (January-June) and an outdoor one (July and August). The results showed that HAAs appeared 20-30 min after exposure and were eliminated within 3 h. After 2 h exposure, urine samples… CONTINUE READING
    51 Citations

    Tables and Topics from this paper

    Haloacetic acids in swimming pool and spa water in the United States and China
    • 28
    • PDF
    500 days of swimmers: the chemical water quality of swimming pool waters from the beginning
    • 2
    • Highly Influenced
    Concentration levels of disinfection by-products in 14 swimming pools of China
    • 10
    • Highly Influenced
    Predicting human exposure and risk from chlorinated indoor swimming pool: a case study
    • S. Chowdhury
    • Chemistry, Medicine
    • Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
    • 2015
    • 23

    References

    SHOWING 1-10 OF 28 REFERENCES
    Occupational exposure to trihalomethanes in indoor swimming pools.
    • 109
    Alveolar air and urine analyses as biomarkers of exposure to trihalomethanes in an indoor swimming pool.
    • 41
    Inhalation exposure to haloacetic acids and haloketones during showering.
    • Xu Xu, C. Weisel
    • Chemistry, Medicine
    • Environmental science & technology
    • 2003
    • 71
    Drowning in disinfection byproducts? Assessing swimming pool water.
    • 280
    Determination of haloacetic acids in human urine by headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
    • M. J. Cardador, M. Gallego
    • Chemistry, Medicine
    • Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences
    • 2010
    • 14
    Airborne haloacetic acids.
    • 30