Hallowe’en and Valentine: The Culture of Saints’ Days in the English-Speaking World

  title={Hallowe’en and Valentine: The Culture of Saints’ Days in the English-Speaking World},
  author={Nick Groom},
  pages={331 - 352}
Abstract The early modern history of the festivities associated with Hallowe’en and St Valentine’s Day reveals a significant overlap in early forms of celebration and customary practices. In the eighteenth century, however, each day developed its own distinctive traditional identity. This article argues that this was a result of mass print culture and the spread of literature: primarily in popular verses, the poetry of Robert Burns, and the influence of William Shakespeare. 
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