Halitosis: A mirror of systemic and oral health

  title={Halitosis: A mirror of systemic and oral health},
  author={Anupama S Rao and Vijaya Arun Kumar},
  journal={IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences},
Halitosis is known as unpleasant oral odor affecting large proportion of population and may be the cause of a significant social and psychological handicap. People who are not aware of their bad breath may encounter romantic, social and professional rejection without knowing the reason. 85% cases of halitosis originate from microbial putrefaction within the oral cavity itself. Modern analytical and microbiological techniques permit diagnosis of halitosis. Management of oral malodor is directed… 

Halitosis as a key diagnostic factor to systemic diseases in the primary care

Raising awareness about seeking medical attention when suffering from halitosis is recommended to achieve better outcomes and help clinicians draw efficacious prevention programs.

Evaluation of Anti-Microbial (In-Vitro) Activity of Amarantha Herbal Mouthwash

It can be concluded that Amarantha Herbal Mouthwash possesses antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli and Candida albicans which further endorses its role in controlling Halitosis.


Dentists’ knowledge of causes of halitosis, as well as diagnostic and treatment methods in this regard were evaluated, and the results were indicative of proper knowledge of dentists.

Treatment Of Halitosis By Combining Popular Medicinal Herbs

The research on plectranthus amboinicus is still small and its miraculous effects are not known to everyone, but from that it will be seen that the advantages that it brings are extremely excellent.

Knowledge and Practice Regarding Periodontal Health / Disease and Oral Hygiene among Medical, Ayurveda and Homeopathy Undergraduate Students of Yenepoya University, Mangalore - A Cross Sectional Study

  • R. U.
  • Medicine, Education
    Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences
  • 2021
There is no difference in knowledge and practices regarding oral hygiene among the students of medical, ayurveda and homeopathy colleges of YU, highlighting the need of incorporating oral health education in University curriculum for non dental students during their study period.

An open-label, interventional, single-center, prospective clinical study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of “AHPL/AYTAB/1514” in patients suffering from halitosis

Good evidence is provided in support of the efficacy and safety of the AHPL/AYTAB/1514 tablet in halitosis and almost all patients showed excellent tolerability to the study drug.



Halitosis in medicine: a review.

The methods of analysis of halitosis are critically reviewed and attention is given to odour characterisation of various odourants.

Association between oral malodor and adult periodontitis: a review.

The purposes of this review article were to correlate the relationship between oral malodor and adult periodontitis, to analyze current malodor tests and discuss available treatment regimens.

Halitosis: an etiologic classification, a treatment approach, and prevention.

  • D. Lu
  • Medicine
    Oral surgery, oral medicine, and oral pathology
  • 1982

Oral malodor: A review

The present discussion intends to focus on the etiology, pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria, and the various treatment strategies for halitosis.

Oral malodor: philosophical and practical aspects.

Interest in oral malodor research and clinical treatment has increased in the last few years, and this distressing problem is finally getting the attention it deserves.

Oral malodor--a review.

The relationship between smell and taste is stressed, specific meanings for related oral malodor terms are emphasized, smell comprehension is reviewed and some of those commonly-encountered associated clinical conditions are indicated.

Clinical dilemmas posed by patients with psychosomatic halitosis.

To clarify whether the patient's perception of another individual's attitude is affected by his or her delusion, this article is focused on the relationship between the behavior toward oral malodor and the psychologic profiles of patients with psychosomatic halitosis.

Diagnosing and treating halitosis.

Although bad breath is a common complaint, identifying the cause and developing an appropriate treatment plan can be difficult, a thorough examination must be performed to rule out an oral source.

Biochemical and clinical factors influencing oral malodor in periodontal patients.

It is suggested that not only microorganisms, but also the tongue coating and gingival fluid are factors which enhance VSC production in patients with periodontal disease.

Clinical assessment of bad breath: current concepts.

  • M. Rosenberg
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Dental Association
  • 1996
In most cases, good professional oral care combined with a daily regimen of oral hygiene--including interdental cleaning, deep tongue cleaning and optional use of an efficacious mouthrinse---will lead to improvement.