• Corpus ID: 112216718

Haifang 海防 and the Ming-Qing Transition: A Few Notes on Coastal Defence, Navies and Military Writings

  title={Haifang 海防 and the Ming-Qing Transition: A Few Notes on Coastal Defence, Navies and Military Writings},
  author={Mathieu Torck},
“ The Line of Fire and the Line of Duty: The Eoles of Chinese Armies and Navies in Border Defence and Maritime Trade During the Ming-Qing Transition” Border security ( haifang 海防) is an issue that pertains as much to pre-modern and early modern empires as it does to contemporary (inter)national contexts. China has a long history of maritime activities and border control against illegal trade, smuggling, piracy and (other) foreign threats. By the Ming dynasty, an intricate border defence system… 
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