Haemorrhoids: modern diagnosis and treatment

  title={Haemorrhoids: modern diagnosis and treatment},
  author={Joshua Hollingshead and Robin K. S. Phillips},
  journal={Postgraduate Medical Journal},
  pages={4 - 8}
Haemorrhoids present often to primary and secondary care, and haemorrhoidal procedures are among the most common carried out. They may co-exist with more serious pathology, and correct evaluation is important. In most cases a one-off colonoscopy in patients aged 50 or above with flexible sigmoidoscopy in younger patients is reasonable. Many people with haemorrhoids do not require treatment. Topical remedies provide no more than symptomatic relief—and even evidence for this is poor. Bulk… 
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