Haemodynamic study examining the response of venous blood flow to electrical stimulation of the gastrocnemius muscle in patients with chronic venous disease.

@article{Moloney2006HaemodynamicSE,
  title={Haemodynamic study examining the response of venous blood flow to electrical stimulation of the gastrocnemius muscle in patients with chronic venous disease.},
  author={Mary Clarke Moloney and G. M. Lyons and Patricia Breen and Paul E. Burke and Pierce A. Grace},
  journal={European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery},
  year={2006},
  volume={31 3},
  pages={300-5}
}
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to explore the option of stimulating calf muscle contraction through externally applied neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) and to measure venous blood flow response to this stimulation. METHODS Ten patients with class 6 chronic venous disease (CEAP clinical classification) were recruited. Measurements of peak venous velocities in the popliteal vein were recorded by Duplex scanning in response to six test conditions; 1. Standing, 2. Voluntary calf… CONTINUE READING
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