Habits in everyday life: thought, emotion, and action.

@article{Wood2002HabitsIE,
  title={Habits in everyday life: thought, emotion, and action.},
  author={Wendy Wood and Jeffrey M. Quinn and Deborah A. Kashy},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2002},
  volume={83 6},
  pages={
          1281-97
        }
}
To illustrate the differing thoughts and emotions involved in guiding habitual and nonhabitual behavior, 2 diary studies were conducted in which participants provided hourly reports of their ongoing experiences. When participants were engaged in habitual behavior, defined as behavior that had been performed almost daily in stable contexts, they were likely to think about issues unrelated to their behavior, presumably because they did not have to consciously guide their actions. When engaged in… 

Tables from this paper

Habit in Personality and Social Psychology

  • W. Wood
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2017
By recognizing habit, the field gains understanding of a central mechanism by which actions persist in daily life, and it is speculated that understanding of habits holds promise for reducing intergroup discrimination and for understanding lay theories of the causes for action.

Psychology of Habit.

Insightful insights from habit research are applied to understand stress and addiction as well as the design of effective interventions to change health and consumer behaviors.

ATTITUDES AND SOCIAL COGNITION Enacting Rituals to Improve Self-Control

Rituals are predefined sequences of actions characterized by rigidity and repetition. We propose that enacting ritualized actions can enhance subjective feelings of self-discipline, such that rituals

Defining Habit in Psychology

We review definitions of habit and evaluate how well current measures capture these definitions. Habits are context-behavior associations in memory that develop as people repeatedly experience

Illusory Feelings, Elusive Habits: People Overlook Habits in Explanations of Behavior

Habits underlie much of human behavior. However, people may prefer agentic accounts that overlook habits in favor of inner states, such as mood. We tested this misattribution hypothesis in an online

Changing circumstances, disrupting habits.

The present research investigated the mechanisms guiding habitual behavior, specifically, the stimulus cues that trigger habit performance and found that regardless of whether contexts changed, nonhabitual behavior was guided by intentions.

Paving the path for habit change: cognitive shielding of intentions against habit intrusion.

The role of inhibitory processes in shielding non-habitual intentions in memory is demonstrated, showing that habits are more readily accessed in mind when intentions are formed, and when habitual behaviours for the same goals were inhibited.

Habits—A Repeat Performance

Habits are response dispositions that are activated automatically by the context cues that co-occurred with responses during past performance. Experience-sampling diary studies indicate that much of
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 83 REFERENCES

Habit and intention in everyday life: The multiple processes by which past behavior predicts future behavior.

Past behavior guides future responses through 2 processes. Well-practiced behaviors in constant contexts recur because the processing that initiates and controls their performance becomes automatic.

Residual Effects of Past on Later Behavior: Habituation and Reasoned Action Perspectives

The frequency with which a behavior has been performed in the past is found to account for variance in later behavior independent of intentions. This often taken as evidence for habituation of

Habit versus planned behaviour: a field experiment.

The results demonstrate that, although external incentives may increase the enactment of intentions, habits set boundary conditions for the applicability of the theory of planned behaviour.

Ego depletion: is the active self a limited resource?

The results suggest that the self's capacity for active volition is limited and that a range of seemingly different, unrelated acts share a common resource.

Habit, attitude, and planned behaviour : is habit an empty construct or an interesting case of goal-directed automaticity?

Habit is often treated as a construct of marginal interest in the literature on attitude–behaviour relations. We argue that this is undeserved, particularly given the current interest in principles

Habits as knowledge structures: automaticity in goal-directed behavior.

It was tested and confirmed that, when behavior is habitual, behavioral responses are activated automatically and the results of 3 experiments indicated that the automaticity in habits is conditional on the presence of an active goal, supporting the idea that habits are mentally represented as goal-action links.

The laws of emotion.

  • N. Frijda
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 1988
It is argued that emotions are lawful phe- nomena and thus can be described in terms of a set of laws of emotion. These laws result from the operation of emotion mechanisms that are accessible to

On the Self-Regulation of Behavior

1. Introduction and plan 2. Principles of feedback control 3. Discrepancy reducing feedback processes in behavior 4. Discrepancy enlarging loops, and three further issues 5. Goals and behavior 6.

The need to evaluate.

Five studies tested the hypothesis that stable individual differences exist in the chronic tendency to engage in evaluative responding. In 2 studies, the 16-item Need to Evaluate Scale (NES) was
...