HUMAN HEALTH SIGNIFICANCE OF ORGANOCHLORINE AND MERCURY CONTAMINANTS IN JAPANESE WHALE MEAT

@article{Simmonds2002HUMANHS,
  title={HUMAN HEALTH SIGNIFICANCE OF ORGANOCHLORINE AND MERCURY CONTAMINANTS IN JAPANESE WHALE MEAT},
  author={Mark P. Simmonds and Kazuma Haraguchi and Toshinori Endo and Foxi Cipriano and Stephen R. Palumbi and G. M. Troisi},
  journal={Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A},
  year={2002},
  volume={65},
  pages={1211 - 1235}
}
The concentrations of total mercury, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and organochlorine pesticides ( DDT, dieldrin, hexachlorobenzene [HCB], and HCH) were determined in 61 whale meat products (bacon, blubber, red meat, liver, intestine, and tongue) purchased from retail outlets across Japan. Mean (range) concentrations of contaminants in all samples were: total mercury 4.17 (0.01-204); PCB 1.14 (0-8.94); DDT 0.98 (0-7.46); dieldrin 0.07 (0-0.35); HCB 0.06 (0-0.22); and HCH 0.07 (0-0.19) g/g… 
Contamination level of mercury in red meat products from cetaceans available from South Korea markets.
TLDR
Most of the products that originated from odontocetes exceeded the safety limit of 0.5 microg/wet g for T-Hg set by the South Korean health authorities for the fishery industry, and Pregnant women and other vulnerable sectors of the population living in South Korea should limit their consumption of Odontocete products.
Mercury and selenium concentrations in the internal organs of toothed whales and dolphins marketed for human consumption in Japan.
TLDR
A high correlation was observed between T-Hg and selenium (Se) concentrations in these organs, supporting the formation of a Hg-Se complex, which probably contribute to the detoxification of Hg for cetaceans and allows a very large accumulation of HG in livers.
Residue levels of organochlorine pesticides in cattle meat and organs slaughtered in selected towns in West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia
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Although the residual contents of the organochlorines detected in all the contaminated samples analyzed from the six cities were below the respective maximal permissible levels set by international organizations, samples from Holeta town were more contaminated and may necessitate effective monitoring as bioaccumulation of these residues may pose health problems in human beings.
Persistent Organic Pollutants and Heavy Metals in Typical Seafoods Consumed in Singapore
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Daily intake of As, DDTs, heptachlor, and PCBs in seafood exceeded the conservative cancer benchmark concentrations set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), suggesting that a significant number of people are potentially at risk in Singapore over a lifetime from seafood consumption.
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The occasional consumption of red meat from small cetaceans could pose a health problem for not only pregnant women but also for the general population, because their muscles are highly contaminated with mercury (Hg).
Brominated flame retardants and organochlorine compounds in duplicate diet samples from a Portuguese academic community.
TLDR
Estimated daily intakes (EDIs) were calculated using lower and upper bound estimations, and in both cases values were far below the currently established tolerable daily intakes for PCBs and OCs and the reference doses for PBDEs and HBCDDs.
Renal Toxicity in Rats After Oral Administration of Mercury-Contaminated Boiled Whale Livers Marketed for Human Consumption
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The data indicate that the human consumption of boiled whale liver may cause acute intoxication by the contaminated inorganic mercury, and the absorption rate of mercury from the boiled whales' liver appears to be about 5% or slightly higher.
Contamination by mercury and cadmium in the cetacean products from Japanese market.
TLDR
Mercury and cadmium contamination levels in boiled liver, lung, kidney and red meat products being marketed in Japanese retail outlets are surveyed, suggesting the possibility of chronic intoxication by T-Hg and M-HG with frequent consumption of odontocete red meat.
Liver and renal lesions in mercury-contaminated narwhals (Monodon monoceros) from North West Greenland
TLDR
Evidence suggests that histopathological alterations were a result of age but that Hg might be an aggravating co-factor in development of renal lesions in particular.
High mercury levels in hair samples from residents of Taiji, a Japanese whaling town.
TLDR
The mercury concentrations in red meat from pilot whales consumed by some residents of the Japanese whaling town, Taiji, and in hair samples from 50 residents for their maker of mercury burden were investigated, finding the level was markedly higher than that observed in the Japanese population overall.
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