HST spectroscopic observations of Jupiter after the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9

  title={HST spectroscopic observations of Jupiter after the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9},
  author={Keith S. Noll and Melissa A. McGrath and Laurence M. Trafton and Sushil Atreya and J. J. Caldwell and H. Weaver and Roger V. Yelle and Christopher D. Barnet and Scott G. Edgington},
  pages={1307 - 1313}
Ultraviolet spectra obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope identified at least 10 molecules and atoms in the perturbed stratosphere near the G impact site, most never before observed in Jupiter. The large mass of sulfur-containing material, more than 10(14) grams in S2 alone, indicates that many of the sulfur-containing molecules S2, CS2, CS, H2S, and S+ may be derived from a sulfur-bearing parent molecule native to Jupiter. If so, the fragment must have penetrated at least as deep as the… Expand
In Jupiter's stratosphere, gaseous carbon monosulfide (CS) was first discovered in 1994 by millimeter and ultraviolet observations as a product induced by the collision of comet Shoemaker–Levy 9Expand
Particles in Jupiter's atmosphere from the impacts of Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9
The dark clouds that were easily seen in small telescopes after the comet impacts were caused by small particles which were deposited in Jupiter's stratosphere. Observations from the Hubble SpaceExpand
Long-term evolution of CO, CS and HCN in Jupiter after the impacts of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9
Abstract Various trace species were identified for the first time in Jupiter's stratosphere in the aftermath of the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 in July 1994. In the millimeter andExpand
Carbon Monoxide in Jupiter after Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9
Abstract Observations of the carbon monoxide fundamental vibration–rotation band near 4.7 μm before and after the impacts of the fragments of Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 showed no detectable changes inExpand
Carbon monoxide in Jupiter after the impact of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9
Abstract A detailed analysis is presented of observations of the CO (2-1) line at 230 GHz in Jupiter performed with the IRAM 30 m telescope after the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9. ObservationsExpand
Re-entry and ablation of cometary dust in the impact plumes of Shoemaker–Levy 9
COLLISIONS between small bodies (such as asteroids and comets) and the terrestrial planets are known to throw ejecta far beyond the point of impact. But until the fragments of comet Shoemaker–Levy 9Expand
Lyα-induced Fluorescence of H2 and Co in Hubble Space Telescope Spectra of a Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 Impact Site on Jupiter
Far-ultraviolet spectra of Jupiter obtained on 1994 July 20 in the region of the Shoemaker-Levy 9 G-fragment impact site contain features that differ markedly from the typical Jovian dayglowExpand
The Collision of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 and Jupiter: Observational constraints on the composition and nature of Comet D/Shoemaker-Levy 9
What did the break-up of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 (SL9) and its subsequent impact on Jupiter teach us about the nature and constitution of this comet? The break-up of the comet apparently triggeredExpand
Detection of CS in Neptune’s atmosphere from ALMA observations
Context. The large and vertically non-uniform abundance of CO in Neptune’s atmosphere has been interpreted as the result of past cometary impact(s), either single or distributed in size and time,Expand
Chemistry induced by the impacts: Observations
This paper reviews spectroscopic measurements relevant to the chemical modifications of Jupiter's atmosphere induced by the Shoemaker-Levy 9 impacts. Such observations have been successful at allExpand


The discovery of S2 in comet IRAS-Araki-Alcock 1983d
Ultraviolet spectra of comet IRAS-Araki-Alcock 1983d, obtained with the International Ultraviolet Explorer spacecraft when the comet was only 0.032 AU from earth, show strong emission bands due toExpand
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Hubble Space Telescope Observations of Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9 (1993e)
The Hubble Space Telescope observed the fragmented comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9 (1993e) (P indicates that it is a periodic comet) on 1 July 1993, and the Faint Object Spectrograph was used to search for fluorescence from OH, which is usually an excellent indicator of cometary activity. Expand
The collision of Jupiter and Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9.
A simple description of the disruption and deceleration of 100-m- to 5-km-diameter comets striking Jupiter is combined with numerical simulations of the subsequent explosions to predict the fate ofExpand
HST far-ultraviolet imaging of Jupiter during the impacts of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9
Hubble Space Telescope far-ultraviolet images of Jupiter during the Shoemaker-Levy 9 impacts show the impact regions darkening over the 2 to 3 hours after the impact, becoming darker and moreExpand
The spectrum of the Jovian dayglow observed at 3 A resolution with the Hopkins ultraviolet telescope
Ultraviolet spectra of the Jovian equatorial dayglow in the spectral range 830-1850 A were obtained at about 3 A resolution. The observed spectrum is dominated by electron impact excitation of the H2Expand
Collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter observed by the NASA infrared telescope facility
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Infrared Telescope Facility was used to investigate the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter from 12 July to 7 August 1994. StrongExpand
HST imaging of atmospheric phenomena created by the impact of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9
Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images reveal major atmospheric changes created by the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter and record the overall change in Jupiter's appearance as a result of the bombardment. Expand
The Origin and Vertical Distribution of Carbon Monoxide in Jupiter
Six clearly-resolved lines of the CO 1-0 vibration-rotation band near 4.7 microns have been observed in Jupiter at a resolution of 0.07/cm. CO is not found to be concentrated in the stratosphere, butExpand
Response of the Io plasma torus to comet Shoemaker-Levy 9
Spectroscopic and imaging observations of the Io plasma torus were made in June and July 1994 in conjunction with the encounter of periodic comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter, and the characteristic torus morphology seen in ground-based imaging was typical of that observed in the past. Expand