HMOs and physician conflicts of interest.


In a recent issue of this journal, Francis Beckwith's "The Ethics of Referral Kickbacks and Self-Referral and the HMO Physician as Gatekeeper: An Ethical Analysis" provided an admirably provocative defense of the claim that Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) physician gatekeepers are morally indistinguishable from physician referral kickbacks and self-referrals. Here I will argue that Beckwith's defense is weak. I will also make some tentative suggestions about approaching the issue of physician conflicts of interest.

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@article{Rainbolt2002HMOsAP, title={HMOs and physician conflicts of interest.}, author={George W. Rainbolt}, journal={Journal of social philosophy}, year={2002}, volume={33 1}, pages={1-8} }