Role of HLA, KIR, MICA, and Cytokines Genes in Leprosy
HLA antigens in 157 unrelated Koreans with leprosy have been identified and compared with 162 healthy Korean controls. The patient group consisted of 124 with lepromatous leprosy and 33 with tuberculoid leprosy. Although no significant differences were detected between the two patient groups, several antigens were found to be increased in the combined patient group compared to healthy controls. Two Class I antigens were increased: HLA-A11 (22% vs 12%) and Aw33 (27% vs 14%). Four Class II antigens were increased: HLA-DR1 (16% vs 7%), DR2 (39% vs 21%), DRw9 (14% vs 6%) and DQw1 (74% vs 55%). HLA-DR4 (28% vs 48%), DRw53 (46% vs 69%) and DQw3 (50% vs 75%) in contrast were significantly decreased in patients. Interaction of DR1, DR2, DRw9 and DQw1 as risk factors was analyzed. HLA-DR2 appeared to be the strongest risk factor. No evidence for synergy between DR1, DR2 and DRw9 was detected. DQw1 was not significantly increased in patients in the absence of DR1 and DR2, and thus it was not apparent in this study that DQw1 was an independent risk factor.