HIV prevalence, risk behaviors, health care use, and mental health status of transgender persons: implications for public health intervention.

@article{ClementsNolle2001HIVPR,
  title={HIV prevalence, risk behaviors, health care use, and mental health status of transgender persons: implications for public health intervention.},
  author={Kristen Clements-Nolle and Rani Marx and R del Pozo Guzm{\'a}n and Mitchell H. Katz},
  journal={American journal of public health},
  year={2001},
  volume={91 6},
  pages={
          915-21
        }
}
OBJECTIVES This study described HIV prevalence, risk behaviors, health care use, and mental health status of male-to-female and female-to-male transgender persons and determined factors associated with HIV. METHODS We recruited transgender persons through targeted sampling, respondent-driven sampling, and agency referrals; 392 male-to-female and 123 female-to-male transgender persons were interviewed and tested for HIV. RESULTS HIV prevalence among male-to-female transgender persons was 35… 
HIV Infection, risk factors and health services use among male-to-female transgender sex workers: a cross-sectional study in Portugal
TLDR
Male-to-female transgender sex workers (TSW) have been identified as a key population at risk for HIV, and risk behaviors and HIV prevalence among TSW were examined, and health services use was described.
Estimating HIV Prevalence and Risk Behaviors of Transgender Persons in the United States: A Systematic Review
TLDR
This systematic review of the US-based HIV behavioral prevention literature identified 29 studies focusing on male-to-female (MTF) transgender women and found prevalence rates of HIV and risk behaviors were low among FTMs, while higher HIV infection rates were found among African-American MTFs.
HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among male-to-female transgender people in Nepal.
  • D. Bhatta
  • Medicine
    International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases
  • 2014
TLDR
Age, education, income, frequency of daily sexual contact, and an alcohol habit remain significant with regard to HIV-related sexual risk behavior.
Health Care Use and HIV-Related Behaviors of Black and Latina Transgender Women in 3 US Metropolitan Areas: Results From the Transgender HIV Behavioral Survey
TLDR
The findings reveal the socioeconomic challenges and behavioral risks often associated with high HIV risk reported by black and Latina transgender women and suggest opportunities to engage transgender women in HIV prevention and care given their high reported frequency of accessing health care providers.
Overlooked, misunderstood and at-risk: exploring the lives and HIV risk of ethnic minority male-to-female transgender youth.
TLDR
It is suggested that MTF transgender youth of color have many unmet needs and are at extreme risk of acquiring HIV, and future research is needed to better understand this adolescent subgroup and to develop targeted broad-based interventions that reduce risky behaviors.
Connecting the Dots: Examining Transgender Women’s Utilization of Transition-Related Medical Care and Associations with Mental Health, Substance Use, and HIV
TLDR
Overall, utilization of transition-related medical care was associated with significantly lower estimated odds of suicidal ideation, binge drinking, and non-injection drug use, and Latina and African American transwomen hadificantly lower estimated utilization of breast augmentation and genital surgery.
HIV Prevalence, Sexual Partners, Sexual Behavior and HIV Acquisition Risk Among Trans Men, San Francisco, 2014
TLDR
Prevention prioritizing trans women and MSM, coupled with individualized and relevant sexual health education for trans men with partners from these populations, may best address the HIV prevention needs of trans men.
Sex, Drugs, Violence, and HIV Status Among Male-to-Female Transgender Persons in Houston, Texas
TLDR
This small sample of male-to-female transgender individuals found to have high rates of HIV infection, and high prevalence of risky behaviors, intimate partner violence, and suicidal ideation.
HIV Prevalence and Risk Behaviors in Male to Female (MTF) Transgender Persons in Tijuana, Mexico
TLDR
The aims were to estimate HIV prevalence and examine the behaviors and characteristics of the population, including sociodemographics, substance use, accessing social services, stigma, and sex behaviors.
Experiences of transgender-related discrimination and implications for health: results from the Virginia Transgender Health Initiative Study.
TLDR
Findings suggest that transgender Virginians experience widespread discrimination in health care, employment, and housing, and multilevel interventions are needed for transgender populations.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES
HIV risk behaviours among male-to-female transgenders in comparison with homosexual or bisexual males and heterosexual females.
TLDR
Transgendered females engaged in riskier behaviours than the other groups in terms of the number of sex partners in the past 30 days and the past six months, commercial sex activities, and having a steady sex partner who injected drugs.
Seroprevalence of HIV and risk behaviors among young homosexual and bisexual men. The San Francisco/Berkeley Young Men's Survey.
TLDR
The prevalence of HIV infection is high among this young population of homosexual and bisexual men, particularly among young African-American men, and the high rates of HIV-related risk behaviors suggest a considerable risk for HIV transmission in this population.
Trends in Risk Behavior and HIV Seroprevalence in Heterosexual Injection Drug Users in San Francisco, 1986–1992
  • J. Watters
  • Medicine
    Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes
  • 1994
TLDR
The moderate and stable rate of HIV seroprevalence beginning in 1987 parallels self-reported reductions in risk behavior, and changes coincided with the implementation of HIV prevention in San Francisco, including outreach programs, HIV testing and counseling, bleach distribution, and syringe exchange.
Transgender HIV prevention: a qualitative needs assessment.
TLDR
Findings indicated that HIV/AIDS compounds stigmatization related to transgender identity, interferes with sexual experimentation during the transgender 'coming out' process, and may interfere with obtaining sex reassignment.
Transsexual Orientation in HIV Risk Behaviours in an Adult Male Prison
TLDR
It is obvious from these findings that TIs require more preventive support than their NTI confederates, in addition to TIs being protected from assault and battery by NTIs, they need social support and carefully developed preventive informational materials.
HIV infection in homosexual and bisexual men 18 to 29 years of age: the San Francisco Young Men's Health Study.
TLDR
HIV infection rates in young homosexual men in San Francisco are lower than those in the early 1980s; however, the rate of infection in these men, most of whom became sexually active after awareness of AIDS had become widespread, threatens to continue the epidemic in the younger generation at a level not far below that of a decade ago.
Risk factors associated with HIV infection among male prostitutes.
TLDR
The reported seroprevalence rates among these male prostitutes indicate they are a high-risk group and there is a clear need for innovative HIV prevention and intervention among these men.
Sexual orientation and risk of suicide attempts among a representative sample of youth.
TLDR
Gay, lesbian, bisexual, or not sure youth report a significantly increased frequency of suicide attempts, while for females the association of sexual orientation with suicidality may be mediated by drug use and violence/victimization behaviors.
Lifetime prevalence of suicide symptoms and affective disorders among men reporting same-sex sexual partners: results from NHANES III.
TLDR
These data provide further evidence of an increased risk for suicide symptoms among homosexually experienced men and hint at a small, increased risk of recurrent depression among gay men, with symptom onset occurring, on average, during early adolescence.
Age and risk of HIV infection in men who have sex with men.
TLDR
These figures indicate that sexual exposure among MSM continues to be a major source of HIV infections in the United States.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...