HIV epidemiology in the Northwestern Federal District of Russia: dominance of HIV type 1 subtype A.

@article{Smolskaya2006HIVEI,
  title={HIV epidemiology in the Northwestern Federal District of Russia: dominance of HIV type 1 subtype A.},
  author={Tatiana T Smolskaya and Kirsi Liitsola and Veera Zetterberg and Elena V Golovanova and Natalia Kevlova and Nadezda Konovalova and Ksenia Sevastianova and Henrikki Brummer-Korvenkontio and Mika O. Salminen},
  journal={AIDS research and human retroviruses},
  year={2006},
  volume={22 11},
  pages={1074-80}
}
A rapidly advancing epidemic of HIV-1 infection has been documented among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Russia. The Northwestern Federal District was the first of the seven Russian Federal Districts involved in a drug-related HIV epidemic through an outbreak in Kaliningrad in 1996. The Northwestern Federal District has a high HIV prevalence rate having reached 252 per 100,000 by the end of 2003, exceeding the Russian average (180) by 1.4 times. The epidemic peaked in 2001. Since then the… CONTINUE READING

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