HIV encephalitis presenting with severe generalized chorea.

  title={HIV encephalitis presenting with severe generalized chorea.},
  author={Bruno V Gallo and Lisa M. Shulman and William J. Weiner and Carol K. Petito and Joseph R. Berger},
  volume={46 4},
We report a case of rapidly progressive encephalopathy and generalized chorea due to HIV encephalitis. The patient was a 24-year-old man known to be HIV-seropositive for 4 years. The severity of the movement disorder resulted in rhabdomyolysis. Sepsis developed and he died after a 21-day hospitalization. Pathologic study revealed prominent neuronal loss and gliosis of subcortical regions. Acute encephalopathy with generalized chorea may be a rare consequence of HIV encephalitis. 

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