HIV counseling and testing in a tertiary care hospital in Ganjam district, Odisha, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counseling and testing (HCT) conducted at integrated counseling and testing centers (ICTCs) is an entry point, cost-effective intervention in preventing transmission of HIV. OBJECTIVES To study the prevalence of HIV among ICTC attendees, sociodemographic characteristics, and risk behaviors of HIV-seropositive clients. MATERIALS AND METHODS It was hospital record-based cross-sectional study of 26,518 registered ICTC clients at a tertiary care hospital in Ganjam district, Odisha, India over a 4-year period from January 2009 to September 2012. RESULTS A total of 1732 (7.5%) out of 22,897 who were tested for HIV were seropositive. Among HIV-seropositives, 1138 (65.7%) were males, while 594 (34.3%) were females. Majority (88.3%) of seropositives were between the age group of 15-49 years. Client-initiated HIV testing (12.1%) was more seropositive compared to provider-initiated (2.9%). Among discordant couples, majority (95.5%) were male partner/husband positive and female partner/wife negative. Positives were more amongst married, less educated, low socioeconomic status, and outmigrants (P<0.0001). Risk factors included heterosexual promiscuous (89.3%), parent-to-child transmission 5.8%, unknown 3.1%, infected blood transfusion 0.8%, homosexual 0.5%, and infected needles (0.5%). CONCLUSIONS There is need to encourage activities that promote HCT in all health facilities. This will increase the diagnosis of new HIV cases. The data generated in ICTC provide an important clue to understand the epidemiology in a particular geographic region and local planning for care and treatment of those infected with HIV and preventive strategies for those at risk especially married, young adults, and outmigrants to reduce new infections.

DOI: 10.4103/0022-3859.113831

Cite this paper

@article{Dash2013HIVCA, title={HIV counseling and testing in a tertiary care hospital in Ganjam district, Odisha, India.}, author={Muktikesh Dash and Sanghamitra Padhi and Subhrajyoti Sahu and Indrani Mohanty and Pallavi Panda and Basant K. Parida and Manoj Kumar Sahoo}, journal={Journal of postgraduate medicine}, year={2013}, volume={59 2}, pages={110-4} }