HIV Types, Groups, Subtypes and Recombinant Forms: Errors in Replication, Selection Pressure and Quasispecies

  title={HIV Types, Groups, Subtypes and Recombinant Forms: Errors in Replication, Selection Pressure and Quasispecies},
  author={Josef Dr. Eberle and Lutz G. G{\"u}rtler},
  pages={79 - 83}
HIV-1 is a chimpanzee virus which was transmitted to humans by several zoonotic events resulting in infection with HIV-1 groups M–P, and in parallel transmission events from sooty mangabey monkey viruses leading to infections with HIV-2 groups A–H. Both viruses have circulated in the human population for about 80 years. In the infected patient, HIV mutates, and by elimination of some of the viruses by the action of the immune system individual quasispecies are formed. Along with the selection… 

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