HIV-Stigma in Nigeria: Review of Research Studies, Policies, and Programmes

@article{Odimegwu2017HIVStigmaIN,
  title={HIV-Stigma in Nigeria: Review of Research Studies, Policies, and Programmes},
  author={Clifford Obby Odimegwu and Joshua Odunayo Akinyemi and Olatunji Alabi},
  journal={AIDS Research and Treatment},
  year={2017},
  volume={2017}
}
Nigeria has about 3.8 million people living with HIV, the second largest globally. Stigma and discrimination are major barriers to testing, treatment uptake, and adherence. In this review, we synthesized information on research studies, policies, and programmes related to HIV-stigma in Nigeria. This was with a view to identify critical areas that research and programmes must address in order to accelerate the progress towards zero (new infections, discrimination, and death) target by year 2030… 

Figures from this paper

Harmful cultural practices and HIV stigma as psychosocial issues in North Central Nigeria
TLDR
The study findings indicate that sociocultural factors and HIV stigma in Nigeria are significant psychosocial problems that have adverse implications for health and psychological well-being.
Ethnic heterogeneity in the determinants of HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination among Nigeria women
TLDR
Empirical explanation of the ethnic dimension of determinant of HIV stigma and discrimination in Nigeria is provided to identify ethnic differential and homogeneity in predictors of HIV/AIDS stigma is key to reducing HIV/ AIDS prevalence in Nigeria and countries with similar settings.
Nigerian Dental Students’ Knowledge of HIV Prevention, Stigma and Discrimination
TLDR
The study showed that most final year dental students have good knowledge of HIV prevention; causes; and effects of stigma and discriminations among people living with HIV/AIDS, however, they need more training on how occupational HIV exposure should be handled in the clinic.
Misconceptions about HIV infection and testing services: A qualitative pilot survey in Lagos
TLDR
There is need for the Lagos State government to leverage on all existing health facilities in the state for the provision of HIV testing services and focus efforts on removing misconceptions and stigmatization of those infected with HIV.
Stigmatization of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Ndokwa West Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria
TLDR
The stigmatization level of PLWHA was society and awareness dependent and it is recommended that society be encouraged to evolve strategies, programs and governmental policies, geared towards enlightening and sensitizing the public on the non-transmittability of HIV/AIDS through contact with sufferers as erroneously believed.
HIV and stigma in the healthcare setting.
TLDR
The workshop provided an overview of the concept and manifestation of HIV stigma and explored the disproportionate burden it places on groups that face additional disadvantages in accessing care and a review of institutional and community-based interventions that worked to reduce HIV stigma.
Challenges Facing People Living With Hiv/Aids In Getting Social Support in Kano State, Nigeria: A Sociological Perspective
This paper aims to assess the challenges facing people living with HIV/AIDS in getting social support in Kano state, Nigeria and its effect on their daily life and health status. The study is
The Burden of Motherhood: An Assessment of Government Policy Towards Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Working Mothers in Nigeria
  • Linda Nwaodu
  • Political Science
    Religación. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades
  • 2021
Nigeria has witnessed a rapid increase in female labour participation such that it risks a decline in exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rate – despite the World Health Organization’s and government’s
Exploring the Social Exclusion of People Living With HIV/Aids in Kano State, Nigeria
  • A. Yakasai, N. A. Ghani
  • Economics
    International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences
  • 2020
This paper aims to examine the social exclusion of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Kano State, Nigeria. Social exclusion from family members, friends, co-workers, groups, and institutions
Trends of HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes among Nigerian women between 2007 and 2017 using Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey data
TLDR
Women who had a higher educational level, higher wealth index, and lived in urban areas had higher odds for HIV/AIDS knowledge and positive attitude towards PLHIV across the years, and the Northern zones had predominantly higher knowledge and attitude levels.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 65 REFERENCES
HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in Nigeria: review of research studies and future directions for prevention strategies.
TLDR
Investigation of the cultural context of stigma, health seeking behavior and the role both perceived and community stigma play in HIV prevention suggest that reducing stigma does increase the individual as well as community acceptance of people living with HIV-AIDS (PLWHAs).
HIV/AIDS stigma and utilization of voluntary counselling and testing in Nigeria
TLDR
Examination of a community’s perceptions, feelings and attitudes towards people living with HIV/AIDS and how this is associated with access to utilization of voluntary counselling and treatment in Nigeria shows that Nigerian public attitudes to HIV/ AIDS and those infected with the disease are negative.
Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward
TLDR
A systematically review of the scientific literature on HIV/AIDS-related stigma to document the current state of research, identify gaps in the available evidence and highlight promising strategies to address stigma.
Interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS stigma: what have we learned?
  • L. Brown, K. MacIntyre, L. Trujillo
  • Medicine, Sociology
    AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
  • 2003
TLDR
Results suggest some stigma reduction interventions appear to work, at least on a small scale and in the short term, but many gaps remain especially in relation to scale and duration of impact and in terms of gendered impact of stigma Reduction interventions.
PREVALENCE AND PREDICTORS OF HIV-RELATED STIGMA AND KNOWLEDGE IN NIGERIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR HIV/AIDS PREVENTION INITIATIVES.
TLDR
This study measured the prevalence, patterns and predictors of stigmatizing attitudes and beliefs about HIV/AIDS among Nigerian public in the Southern region of Nigeria and calls for the inclusion of de-stigmatization program as a major component of prevention activities.
Acceptance and stigmatization of PLWA in Nigeria
TLDR
Examination of acceptance of PLWA in communities in Southern Benue State suggests that the challenges of AIDS control programmes include coming to terms with the epidemic and fostering more acceptance for PLWA and, above all, changing the current perception of HIV/AIDS from a personal to public health problem.
Living well with HIV in Nigeria? Stigma and survival challenges preventing optimum benefit from an ART clinic
TLDR
Both population-based interventions against stigma and poverty, as well as micro-level, contextualized attention to patients’, families’ and health workers’ fear of social exclusion and infection at a clinic and community level are needed if patients – and society – are to live well with HIV in Nigeria.
Effects of Stigmatization/Discrimination on Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence among HIV-Infected Patients in a Rural Tertiary Medical Center in Nigeria
TLDR
The PLWHAs with low levels of stigmatization and discrimination are more likely to adhere to ART than those with high levels and Counseling services and health education on adherence should be a strong component of all PLWHA care.
Using a Cultural Framework to Understand Factors Influencing HIV Testing in Nigeria
TLDR
Overall, numerous facilitators and barriers influence uptake of HIV testing in the study setting, and public health practitioners and policymakers need to consider how sociocultural and religious factors unique to specific local contexts may promote or hinder uptake of available HIV/AIDS prevention and care interventions.
Factors hindering acceptance of HIV/AIDS voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) among youth in Kwara State, Nigeria.
TLDR
Ignorance, poverty, inadequate number of VCT centres, stigma and discrimination are identified as major factors responsible for the low patronage of V CT centres in Kwara State.
...
...