Comparative cost models were developed to assess cost-per-reportable result and annual costs for HIV-1 and HCV bDNA and AmpliPrep/TaqMan Test (PCR). Model cost components included kit, disposables, platform and related equipment, equipment service plan, equipment maintenance, equipment footprint, waste and labor. Model assessment was most cost-effective when run by bDNA with 36 or more clinical samples and PCR with 30 or fewer clinical samples. Lower costs are attained with maximum samples (84-168) run daily. Highest cost contributors include kit, platform and PCR proprietary disposables. Understanding component costs and the most economic use of HIV-1 and HCV viral load will aid in attaining lowest costs through selection of the appropriate assay and effective negotiations.