HIV-1 Tat inhibits IL-2 gene transcription through qualitative and quantitative alterations of the cooperative Rel/AP1 complex bound to the CD28RE/AP1 composite element of the IL-2 promoter.

Abstract

Dysregulation of cytokine secretion plays an important role in AIDS pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that expression of HIV-1 Tat protein in Jurkat cells induces a severe impairment of IL-2 but not TNF gene transcription. Interestingly, this inhibition correlates with the effect of the viral protein on the transactivation of the CD28RE/AP1 composite… (More)

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