author={Herbert S. Lewis},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  • H. Lewis
  • Published 1 January 1962
  • History
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
This paper will consider two recurrent problems of the history of the Cushites.? Specifically, we shall suggest new approaches to the history of the Galla and Somali, and to the study of the hunting and artisan castes of northeast Africa. Most writers tacitly assume that the history of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa can bc understood in terms of ethnic “waves” or cultural Schichleu. They usually say that these regions were first occupied by hunters, who were then subjected or expelled by… 
‘Caste’ in Africa: the evidence from south-western Ethiopia reconsidered
Abstract This article questions the prevalent use of the ‘caste’ concept to describe marginalised occupational minorities in the south-western Ethiopian context. Three types of objection are
Marginalisation of the Waata Oromo Hunter–Gatherers of Kenya: Insider and Outsider Perspectives
Abstract This paper examines how the way of life of a little known group of hunter–gatherers, the Waata Oromo, was brought to an end through British colonial wildlife conservation laws and the
The Origins of the Galla and somali
  • H. Lewis
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1966
This study presents a reconstruction of the origins and major movements of the Galla and Somali of Northeast Africa which departs from most of the previous literature on the subject. The traditional
Previous discussion of the origins of the Somali have tended to assume that the Somali expanded from a northern area near ex-British Somaliland or the Harar-Dire Dawa region of Ethiopia. From this
Evidence for a Common Origin of Blacksmiths and Cultivators in the Ethiopian Ari within the Last 4500 Years: Lessons for Clustering-Based Inference
This finding serves as both a cautionary tale about interpreting results from unsupervised clustering algorithms, and suggests that social constructions are contributing directly to genetic differentiation over a relatively short time period among previously genetically similar groups.
Historical Archaeology in the Highlands of Southern Ethiopia: Preliminary Findings
Today craft specialists in Ethiopia exist as at least one endogamous group in virtually every Ethiopian Cushitic, Omotic, and Semitic speaking society (Cassiers 1975; Cerulli 1956; Haberland 1984;
Life Trajectories and Changing Patterns of Marginalization Among the Smiths of Hararge, Ethiopia
Blacksmithing is one of the oldest traditional technologies among the rural communities of Hararge. Smithing has many functions among which its utilitarian role for agriculturalists clearly stands.
Medicine Vendors and Their Products in Markets in the Ethiopian Highlands and Rift Valley
Census data is presented on all the goods sold by vendors of traditional medicines in those markets in Ethiopia, their origin and trade routes are traced, and the spatiality of vendors and medicines and their classification within the Ethiopian market scene are described.
The genetic landscape of Ethiopia: diversity, intermixing and the association with culture
It is illustrated how groups reporting the same culture traits are more genetically similar on average and show evidence of recent intermixing, suggesting how shared cultural traits may promote admixture.
Archaeological Fieldwork around Lake Tana Area of Northwest Ethiopia and the Implication for an Understanding of Aquatic Adaptation
  • G. Firew
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2014
I have in this thesis attempted to investigate prehistoric adaptations around Lake TanaBlue Nile basin of Northwest Ethiopia. The archaeological excavation conducted at a small rock shelter on the


The Somali Conquest of the Horn of Africa
  • I. Lewis
  • History, Economics
    The Journal of African History
  • 1960
One of the most sustained and in its effects far-reaching movements of population in the recent history of North Eastern Africa is the expansion of the Hamitic Somali from the shores of the Gulf of
The Folk-Literature of the Galla of Southern Abyssinia . By Enrico Cerulli. Reprinted from the Harvard African Studies, Vol. III.
  • A. Werner
  • History
    Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
  • 1923
Ethiopic documents : Gurage
Islam in Ethiopia
Pra-kuschitische und pra-nilotische Survivals in Sud-Aethiopien
  • 1960
Peoples of the Horn of
  • The Galla in Northern Somaliland. Rassegna di Studi Etiopici. 16: LEWIS, I. M. 1960. Somali conquest of the Horn of Africa. African History
  • 1955