HF-driven currents in the polar ionosphere

  title={HF-driven currents in the polar ionosphere},
  author={Konstantinos Papadopoulos and N. A. Gumerov and Xiaowei Shao and Isidoros Doxas and C.-l. Chang},
  journal={2011 XXXth URSI General Assembly and Scientific Symposium},
Ionospheric heaters located in the polar-regions (EISCAT, HAARP, HIPAS) have generated waves in the ULF/ELF/VLF range by modulating the auroral electrojet at D/E region altitudes in a concept termed by the EISCAT group as the Polar Electrojet (PEJ) antenna. The PEJ antenna requires an ionospheric heater located under regions of naturally driven D/E region currents, such as in the auroral or equatorial electrojet. In a simplified fashion the PEJ antenna operates as following: In the presence of… CONTINUE READING


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