Gynecomastia and hormones

@article{Sansone2016GynecomastiaAH,
  title={Gynecomastia and hormones},
  author={A. Sansone and F. Romanelli and M. Sansone and A. Lenzi and L. Di Luigi},
  journal={Endocrine},
  year={2016},
  volume={55},
  pages={37-44}
}
Gynecomastia—the enlargement of male breast tissue in men—is a common finding, frequently observed in newborns, adolescents, and old men. Physiological gynecomastia, occurring in almost 25 % of cases, is benign and self-limited; on the other hand, several conditions and drugs may induce proliferation of male breast tissue. True gynecomastia is a common feature often related to estrogen excess and/or androgen deficiency as a consequence of different endocrine disorders. Biochemical evaluation… Expand
The Role of Steroids and Hormones in Gynecomastia-Factors and Treatments
TLDR
Almost all reasons of gynecomastia may be in a single manner or different much like excess production of the hormone estrogen inside the male frame because of different factors. Expand
Management of adolescent gynecomastia: an update
TLDR
It appears that pharmacological therapy of persistent adolescent gynecomastia is reasonable effective if given early in the course of the disease and more successful in cases with small or moderate breast enlargement. Expand
Two Years of Gynecomastia Caused by Leydig Cell Tumor
TLDR
A 32-year-old male presenting with gynecomastia was seen by three specialists, including a urologist, but none of them found the small mass in the upper pole of his right testis, so testis-sparing surgery was performed which confirmed the diagnosis of a hormonally active Leydig cell tumor. Expand
Clinical and Biochemical Phenotype of Adolescent Males with Gynecomastia
TLDR
The E2/TTE ratio may be a helpful tool in diagnosing gynecomastia and may be responsible for a proportion of cases described previously as idiopathic, and weight loss does not imply reduction of breast size in boys. Expand
Imaging in gynecomastia.
TLDR
Both mammography and US are sensitive and specific to diagnose GM and distinguish it from breast cancer, and a histological confirmation should be sought. Expand
Clinical and Biochemical Phenotype of Adolescent Males with Gynecomastia Short title/Running Head: Gynecomastia
Objective: Gynecomastia is defined as benign proliferation of male breast glandular tissue. Its prevalence during puberty stands at 50-60% and this condition is common also in neonatal and elderlyExpand
Gynaecomastia
TLDR
The assessment and treatment of gynaecomastia is highlighted but the management of breast cancer in men is not covered as some patients will have an element of both adiposity and glandular proliferation. Expand
Ginecomastia: aspectos generales y etiológicos
TLDR
The aim of this article is to discuss some key points about the most important aspects related to gynecomastia, including pathophysiology, symptoms, and diagnosis, in addition to presenting the main causes associated with this condition. Expand
Diagnosis and Management of Gynecomastia for Urologists
TLDR
For patients taking bicalutamide for treatment of prostate cancer, tamoxifen or radiation therapy for gynecomastia are excellent options. Expand
Bilateral Mastectomy as Radical Treatment of Gynecomastia Secondary to Antiretroviral Therapy in a Low-Income Setting: A Case Report
TLDR
A case of a 46-year-old man receiving ART presenting with a marked bilateral breast enlargement who underwent bilateral mastectomy as the only successful treatment in a low-income setting is reported. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 111 REFERENCES
Gynecomastia: Clinical evaluation and management
TLDR
Gynecomastia was reported to cause an imbalance between estrogen and androgen action or an increased estrogen to androgen ratio, due to increased estrogen production, decreased androgen production or both. Expand
Gynecomastia: pathomechanisms and treatment strategies.
TLDR
Most patients have persistent pubertal gynecomastia or breast glandular enlargement from medications, age-related reduction in testicular function, or idiopathic causes. Expand
Gynaecomastia—pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment
TLDR
Gynaecomastia (enlargement of the male breast tissue) is a common finding in the general population, and administration of androgens might be helpful, as might antiestrogen therapy in men with endogenous overproduction of estrogens. Expand
Gynecomastia: pathophysiology, evaluation, and management.
TLDR
A stepwise approach that includes imaging and laboratory testing to exclude neoplasms and endocrinopathies may facilitate cost-effective diagnosis of gynecomastia. Expand
Gynecomastia - a difficult diagnostic problem.
TLDR
The main cause of gynecomastia is a loss of equilibrium between oestrogens and androgens, which occurs unilaterally or bilaterally, resulting from a proliferation of glandular, fibrous and adipose tissue. Expand
Gynecomastia: Etiologies, Clinical Presentations, Diagnosis, and Management
TLDR
A concise review of the common presentation, etiologies, diagnosis, and treatment of gynecomastia should aid healthcare professionals who may encounter patients with this condition in their practices. Expand
Drug-induced gynecomastia in children and adolescents.
  • R. Goldman
  • Medicine
  • Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien
  • 2010
TLDR
Adolescents who use anabolic steroids, or who abuse alcohol, marijuana, heroin, or amphetamines, should be alerted to the fact that gynecomastia might develop. Expand
Gynecomastia: its features, and when and how to treat it.
TLDR
A general medical history and careful physical examination with particular attention to features suggestive of breast cancer often suffice for evaluation in patients without symptoms or those with incidentally discovered breast enlargement, but men with recent-onset gynecomastia or mastodynia need a more detailed evaluation. Expand
Feminizing adrenocortical tumors: Literature review
TLDR
Feminizing adrenal tumors (FAT) are extremely rare tumors prevailing in males and are rarer in pediatric population and their main manifestation is peripheral sexual precocity. Expand
Leydig Cell Tumour Revealed by Bilateral Gynecomastia in a 15-Year Old Adolescent: A Patient Report
TLDR
Diagnosing this condition requires high level of suspicion, it is suggested that clinicians always do a testicular examination on adolescents especially if they have gynecomastia, scrotal ultrasound may be performed in boys aged ≥ 14 years with gynehamastia that measures ≥ 4 cm, should there be any doubt. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...