Gymnothorax spp. (Muraenidae) as natural predators of the lionfish Pterois miles in its native biogeographical range

  title={Gymnothorax spp. (Muraenidae) as natural predators of the lionfish Pterois miles in its native biogeographical range},
  author={Arthur R. Bos and Ashraf M. Sanad and K. A. Elsayed},
  journal={Environmental Biology of Fishes},
Lionfish (Pterois miles) were observed avoiding coral pinnacles inhabited by the moray eels Gymnothorax flavimarginatus and G. javanicus in the northern Red Sea, Egypt. Release of lionfish (Standard Length 93–104 mm) in such coral pinnacles in November 2016 resulted in almost immediate predation by large moray eels (Total Length > 1 m). Predation by moray eels may be the key control mechanism of population growth in the native biogeographical range of Pterois spp. and may indirectly explain the… 

Low Pufferfish and Lionfish Predation in Their Native and Invaded Ranges Suggests Human Control Mechanisms May Be Necessary to Control Their Mediterranean Abundances

The silver-cheeked toadfish (Lagocephalus sceleratus, from the pufferfish family Tetraodontidae) and the Pacific red lionfish (Pterois miles, family Scorpaenidae) have recently invaded the

The lionfish Pterois sp. invasion: Has the worst-case scenario come to pass?

This review revisits the traits thought to have contributed to the success of Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois sp. as an invader in the western Atlantic Ocean and the worst-case scenario about their

Genetic Data Suggest Multiple Introductions of the Lionfish (Pterois miles) into the Mediterranean Sea

Analysis of genetic sequences of lionfish from Cyprus as well as data from the whole distribution of the species shows genetic homogeneity among populations of P. miles across its current distribution, possibly facilitated by the ornamental fish trade and/or transport through ballast water.

Growth, site fidelity, and grouper interactions of the Red Sea lionfish Pterois miles (Scorpaenidae) in its native habitat

Field observations suggest that the biotic interactions (e.g., habitat competition, and depredation) between grouper species and lionfish may play a role in lionfish distribution.

Diet and food consumption of the Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) in South Pacific Antarctic waters

The results show that rattails and hakes were the most important prey in the diet of the Patagonian toothfish, and D. eleginoides is a predator with frequent feeding behavior and a high predation rate in the deep waters above the continental platform.

Effects of the anesthetic MS-222 on silver pomfret (Pampus argenteus) juveniles under aquaculture treatment stresses

MS-222 can reduce oxidative damage, stress reaction, and resistance to aquaculture treatment stresses in P. argenteus, and shows significant differences in superoxide dismutase, catalase, and malondialdehyde activities.

Influence of niche and neutral processes on fish communities associated with changes in macrophyte rafts along the hydrological cycle

Aquatic macrophytes add structural complexity to the environment, which influences fish species. The structure of macrophytes rafts can vary depending on the hydrological cycle and space

Gradients in predation risk in a tropical river system

This study uses data from a longitudinal study of fish assemblages at 16 different sites in the Northern Range to quantify temporal and spatial variation in predation risk and suggests that consideration of predation gradients will lead to a more nuanced understanding of the role ofpredation risk in behavioral and evolutionary ecology.

Protect the Natives to Combat the Aliens: Could Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797 Be a Natural Agent for the Control of the Lionfish Invasion in the Mediterranean Sea?

Biological invasions constitute a major threat to native ecosystems and to global biodiversity [...]



On the relationship between native grouper and invasive lionfish in the Caribbean

Some of the difficulties in inferring predator-limitation purely from observational data are pointed out and evidence to the contrary from a recent study suffers confounding effects of habitat quality, fishing, and dispersal and therefore remains equivocal.

Feeding ecology of invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans) in the Bahamian archipelago

Feeding ecology of the lionfish (Pterois volitans), an invasive species in the Western North Atlantic, was examined by collecting stomach content data from fishes taken throughout the Bahamian

Recent invasion of a Florida (USA) estuarine system by lionfish Pterois volitans / P. miles.

Estuaries are already highly threat- ened by human impacts, and provide critical habitat for numerous commercially, recreationally, and ecologically important species, establishment of lionfish in these ecosystems is of particular concern.

Why Are Lionfishes ( Pterois , Scorpaenidae ) So Rare In Their Native Ranges ?

Rarity in tropical and subtropical coral reef fishes is an important ecological and biogeographical concept that has received little attention until recently. These studies have emphasized the

Diurnal observations on the behavioral ecology ofGymnothorax moringa (Cuvier) andMuraena miliaris (Kaup) on a Caribbean coral reef

Muraenids observed in this study showed high tolerances for and were tolerated by other fishes (including other morays) and invertebrates on the reef, and appeared to be opportunistic, roving predators and were not strictly nocturnal.

Distributions of Indo-Pacific lionfishes Pterois spp. in their native ranges : implications for the Atlantic invasion

It is found that lionfish in their native Indo-Pacific range are unevenly distributed, with higher densities in the Indian Ocean than in the Pacific, and densities increase significantly with increasing latitude, and are significantly higher in continental areas than around islands.

Review of the moray eels (Anguilliformes: muraenidae) of the Red Sea

Uropterygius genie, described as a new species from two specimens, is distinctive in its gill opening high on side of body, forward position of its eye, and uniform brown color.

Spatial analysis of the invasion of lionfish in the western Atlantic and Caribbean.

Comparative behavior of red lionfish Pterois volitans on native Pacific versus invaded Atlantic coral reefs.

Pacific red lionfish Pterois volitans have invaded Atlantic reefs and reached much greater population densities than on native reefs, suggesting that despite similar hunt- ing behavior, invasive lionfish ingest greater daily rations of prey biomass.

Native densities, distribution, and diurnal activity of Red Sea lionfishes (Scorpaenidae)

As invasive lionfish populations continue to expand in the Western Atlantic and Ca ribbean, understanding the ecology and foraging behavior of lionfish in their native habitats will help identify