Gut microbiota, enteroendocrine functions and metabolism.

@article{Cani2013GutME,
  title={Gut microbiota, enteroendocrine functions and metabolism.},
  author={Patrice D Cani and Amandine Everard and Thibaut Duparc},
  journal={Current opinion in pharmacology},
  year={2013},
  volume={13 6},
  pages={
          935-40
        }
}
The gut microbiota affects host metabolism through a number of physiological processes. Emerging evidence suggests that gut microbes interact with the host through several pathways involving enteroendocrine cells (e.g. L cells). The activation of specific G protein coupled receptors expressed on L cells (e.g. GPR41, GPR43, GPR119 and TGR5) triggers the secretion of glucagon-like peptides (GLP-1 and GLP-2) and PYY. These gut peptides are known to control energy homeostasis, glucose metabolism… CONTINUE READING
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