Gun Laws and Sudden Death Did the Australian Firearms Legislation of 1996 Make a Difference

@article{Baker2006GunLA,
  title={Gun Laws and Sudden Death Did the Australian Firearms Legislation of 1996 Make a Difference},
  author={Jeanine Baker and Samara McPhedran},
  journal={British Journal of Criminology},
  year={2006},
  volume={47},
  pages={455-469}
}
Mass murders in Dunblane, United Kingdom, and Port Arthur, Australia, provoked rapid responses from the governments of both countries. Major changes to Australian laws resulted in a controversial buy-back of longarms and tighter legislation. The Australian situation enables evaluation of the effect of a national buy-back, accompanied by tightened legislation in a country with relatively secure borders. AutoRegressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) was used to predict future values of the… 
The Australian Firearms Buyback and its Effect on Gun Deaths
TLDR
The results of these tests suggest that the NFA did not have any large effects on reducing firearm homicide or suicide rates.
Firearm deaths in Australia after law reform
  • S. Chapman
  • Political Science, Medicine
    Medicine, science, and the law
  • 2010
TLDR
The gun lobbyists McPhedran and Baker write of their concern about the ‘misleading picture’ painted by Lynch and Black regarding the impact of Australia’s major gun law reforms of 1996 on firearm deaths, and fail to note the reason why the law reforms occurred.
Do fewer guns lead to less crime? Evidence from Australia
The 1996 National Firearms Agreement (NFA) in Australia introduced strict gun control laws and facilitated the buyback of over 650,000 firearms. While several studies have investigated the effect of
Controlling firearms use in Australia: has the 1996 gun law reform produced the decrease in rates of suicide with this method?
TLDR
The implemented restrictions may not be responsible for the observed reductions in firearms suicide, but data suggest that a change in social and cultural attitudes could have contributed to the shift in method preference.
THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY FACULTY OF LAW CURRENT ISSUES IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Three recent papers have examined the effect of a national tightening of firearm legislation and gun buy-back in Australia in 1996-1997 on firearm and non-firearm death rates. Despite analysing
Mass Shootings in Australia and New Zealand: A Descriptive Study of Incidence
The development of legislation aimed at reducing the incidence of firearm-related death is an ongoing interest within the spheres of criminology, public policy, and criminal justice. Although a body
Firearm Homicide in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand: What Can We Learn From Long-Term International Comparisons?
TLDR
The study found that the most pronounced decline in firearm homicide over the past two decades occurred in New Zealand, and connections between social disadvantage, policing policy, and violence are discussed.
Weak Tests and Strong Conclusions: A Re-Analysis of Gun Deaths and the Australian Firearms Buyback
Using time series analysis on data from 1979-2004, Baker and McPhedran (2006) argue that the stricter gun laws introduced in the National Firearms Agreement (NFA) post- 1996 did not affect firearm
Mass shootings in Australia and the United States, 1981-2013
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to compare the incidence and main characteristics of mass shooting events in Australia and the USA in the period 1981-2013. Design/methodology/approach – The
Lethal Firearm-Related Violence Against Canadian Women: Did Tightening Gun Laws Have an Impact on Women’s Health and Safety?
TLDR
There was little evidence to suggest that increased firearms legislation in Canada had a significant impact on preexisting trends in lethal firearm violence against women, and results do not support the view that increasing firearms legislation is associated with a reduced incidence of firearm-related female domestic homicide victimization.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
The Mass Murder as Quasi-Experiment
Few crimes command as much attention as mass murder. Depending on their magnitude and context, some of these incidents become enshrined as landmark historical events. Some give rise to substantial
Firearms legislation and reductions in firearm-related suicide deaths in New Zealand.
TLDR
Overall rates of youth suicide also decreased over this time but it is not possible to determine the extent to which this was accounted for by changes in firearms legislation or other causes.
Homicide and suicide rates associated with implementation of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act.
TLDR
Implementation of the Brady Act appears to have been associated with reductions in the firearm suicide rate for persons aged 55 years or older but not with reduction in homicide rates or overall suicide rates.
Guns, violent crime, and suicide in 21 countries
TLDR
It is concluded that guns in the home are an important risk factor in suicide with guns, as well as a threat to women (especially female partners), whereas their role in homicide of male victims and street crime (such as robbery) may be much less prominent.
Firearm-related violence : the impact of the Nationwide Agreement on Firearms
The preliminary findings outlined in this paper seem to indicate that there has been a decline in firearm related death rates (essentially in firearm related suicides) in most jurisdictions in
Firearm Related Deaths in Australia, 1991-2001
TLDR
The finding that suicide has consistently accounted for the majority of firearm related deaths has implications for the requirement that health professionals must notify Firearms Registrars if a person who possesses a firearms licence becomes mentally unstable.
Gun ownership as a risk factor for homicide in the home.
Gun Ownership as a Risk Factor for Homicide in the Home
TLDR
To study risk factors for homicide in the home, homicides occurring in the homes of victims in three metropolitan counties were identified and data obtained from the police or medical examiner and interviewed a proxy for the victim.
Homicide: a leading cause of injury deaths among pregnant and postpartum women in the United States, 1991-1999.
OBJECTIVES We identified risk factors for pregnancy-associated homicide (women who died as a result of homicide during or within 1 year of pregnancy) in the United States from 1991 to 1999. METHODS
The epidemiology of suicide and attempted suicide among young Australians.
TLDR
While much is known about the epidemiology of youth suicide, much remains to be clarified and study of indigenous issues is perhaps the most neglected area; study of family issues may be potentially be the most productive.
...
1
2
3
...