Guilt: an interpersonal approach.

  title={Guilt: an interpersonal approach.},
  author={Roy F. Baumeister and Arlene M. Stillwell and Todd F. Heatherton},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={115 2},
Multiple sets of empirical research findings on guilt are reviewed to evaluate the view that guilt should be understood as an essentially social phenomenon that happens between people as much as it happens inside them. Guilt appears to arise from interpersonal transactions (including transgressions and positive inequities) and to vary significantly with the interpersonal context. In particular, guilt patterns appear to be strongest, most common, and most consistent in the context of communal… 

Personal narratives about guilt: Role in action control and interpersonal relationships.

Two studies explored interpersonal and action-control aspects of guilt. Both spontaneous and partner-induced guilt were studied using first-person accounts of interpersonal transgressions and guilt

How Relational Bonds Influence Strategies for Coping with Guilt

Many studies have shown that guilt is an important moral emotion that motivates reparative actions in order to maintain positive interpersonal relationships. However, when the victim of an offence

The exemplary social emotion guilt: Not so relationship-oriented when another person repairs for you

Findings suggest that it is not the relationship with the victim that is important in the regulation of guilt feelings, but rather the reparative actions that have been undertaken.

The exemplary social emotion guilt: not so relationship-oriented when another person repairs for you.

Guilt is considered by many researchers to be the hallmark social emotion. Guilt theories perceive guilt to be a negative emotion with positive interpersonal consequences, and empirical research has

Guilt and regret: The determining role of interpersonal and intrapersonal harm

Examination of which types of harm play a determining role in experiences of guilt and regret showed that guilt results from interpersonal harm and regret from harm to oneself and that regret increased as a function of the level of negative intrapersonal consequences.

Temporal dynamics of guilt: Changes in the role of interpersonal and intrapsychic factors

Baumeister, Stillwell and Heatherton (1994) argue that guilt serves primarily interpersonal functions and take issue with more traditional intrapsychic accounts of guilty feelings, in which

Guilt: Personal and Collective

Guilt is an unpleasant emotion that is evoked when people's behavior deviates from salient moral standards concerning how other people should be treated. Simply deviating from these standards,

Guilty Feelings, Targeted Actions

This investigation found support for a more recent representation of guilt as an emotion designed to identify and correct specific social offenses.

Guilt and Social Influence

Research bearing on the role of guilt in social influence is reviewed in this chapter. Guilt is an emotion naturally suited to exploitation in the service of social influence, by virtue of its

Making people feel guilty in conversations: Techniques and correlates.

Communication plays an important role in eliciting and shaping people's emotions. Yet surprisingly little empirical or conceptual work has explored how social interaction encourages or discourages

Guilt following transgression: an attribution of responsibility approach.

  • K. Mcgraw
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1987
Using Heider's (1958) attribution of responsibility model in the two experiments reported here, the attributional mediators of posttransgression guilt were examined and harmdoer guilt was higher following accidental as opposed to intentional transgressions.

Moral affect: the good, the bad, and the ugly.

  • J. Tangney
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1991
Results indicate that shame and guilt are distinct affective experiences that have important and quite different implications in the interpersonal realm, and suggest that guilt may not be that bad after all, at least at the interpersonal domain.

Situational Detenninants of Shame and Guilt in Young Adulthood

Undergraduates (N = 146) briefly described three shame-inducing situations and three guilt-inducing situations. Shame and guilt situations differed in both form and content. Shame dissipations were

Deceptive Behavior in Social Relationships: A Consequence of Violated Expectations

Abstract Deceptive behavior is viewed as a mechanism by which a threat to the maintenance of a social relationship is temporarily resolved. In this study, we investigated two social relationships:

Some interpersonal effects of imposing guilt versus eliciting altruism.

Two groups of participants observed a videotaped interpersonal conflict involving two friends. The two groups were distinguished by their observing the videotaped protagonist making a request by

What Is Guilt

This summary is offered as a psychological definition of being-guilty. Guilt is lived pre-reflectively in a context of real or imaginary accusatory others, and is constituted as a person accepts

Participant descriptions of guilt and shame

The purpose of this research was to see if naive raters could distinguish between guilt and shame in ways consistent with the descriptions of emotion theorists. In two studies, 152 participants

Sex differences in moral internalization and values.

  • M. Hoffman
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1975
The findings support the prevalent view that consideration for others is more salient in female and suggest that moral transgressions are more likely to be associated with guilt in females and fear in males.