Guillain-Barré syndrome following bacterial meningitis: a case report and literature review

  title={Guillain-Barr{\'e} syndrome following bacterial meningitis: a case report and literature review},
  author={L Ding and Zhongjun Chen and Yan Sun and Haiping Bao and Xiao Wu and Lele Zhong and Pei Zhang and Yongzhong Lin and Ying Liu},
  journal={BMC Neurology},
BackgroundWe reported a case of an adult that presented Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) after bacterial meningitis which was secondary to chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM. [...] Key MethodCase presentationA 46-year man with type 2 diabetes and otitis media (OM) suffered with fever, headache, and vomiting for 6 days. The patient’s neck stiffness was obvious and the Kernig and Brudzinski signs were produced.Expand
Miller Fisher Variant of Guillain-Barré Syndrome Triggered by Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia
MFS is immune-mediated entity which is usually triggered by upper respiratory tract infection but in rare cases it can be consequence of pneumonia including VAP, and research is needed to establish link between MFS and VAP. Expand
Orphan Peripheral Neuropathies
Though orphan neuropathies are rare per definition they constitute the majority of Neuropathies and should be considered as some of them are easy to identify and potentially treatable, as clarification of the underlying cause may contribute to the knowledge about etiology and pathophysiology of these conditions. Expand


Axonal variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome associated with Campylobacter infection in Bangladesh
An unusually high frequency of the axonal variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome in Bangladesh, associated with preceding Campylobacter jejuni infection, severe residual disability, and high mortality is reported. Expand
Case report: Guillain-Barre syndrome with pneumococcus – A new association in pediatrics
A case of 13 year old male, presented with hypoactivity and inability to bare his own weight, developed septic shock due to pneumococcus with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, and was found to have neurological findings of Guillain-Barre Syndrome, a new association in pediatric age group, never been reported before. Expand
An unusual presentation of paediatric Listeria meningitis with selective spinal grey matter involvement and acute demyelinating polyneuropathy.
Spinal cord involvement is rare in neuro-listeriosis and there no previous paediatric reports of Listeria-related myelitis or demyelinating polyneuropathy, but an auto-immune response to the infection might be considered. Expand
The spectrum of antecedent infections in Guillain-Barré syndrome
To determine which antecedent infections are specifically associated with the Guillain-Barré syndrome, a serologic study in 154 GBS patients and 154 sex- and age-matched controls with other neurologic diseases found that C. jejuni, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, and M. pneumoniae are specifically related to GBS. Expand
Guillain-Barré syndrome following meningococcal meningitis.
A case of Guillain-Barré syndrome following meningococcal meningitis is reported and the patient recovered spontaneously. Expand
[Guillain-Barré syndrome].
High-dose of intravenous immunoglobulin (0.4 g/kg daily for 5 days) and PE are equally effective in intermediate and severe forms and the choice between the two treatments depends on their respective contra-indications and local availability. Expand
Critically ill polyneuropathy: electrophysiological studies and differentiation from Guillain-Barré syndrome.
The analysis showed that the two polyneuropathies are likely to be separate entities that can be distinguished in most instances by the predisposing illness, electrophysiological features and cerebrospinal fluid results. Expand
The complications of chronic otitis media: report of 93 cases
The study supports the finding that meningitis and brain abscess are the common complications of COM and the main reason for mortality. Expand
The presence of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection and GM1 ganglioside antibodies in Guillain-Barré syndrome.
Examination of GBS patients for serological evidence of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection and anti GM1 ganglioside antibodies suggested M. pneumoniae to be an important antecedent to GBS, highlighting its possible role in the pathogenesis of the autoimmune disorder. Expand
Current concepts in the pathogenesis and treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media.
Understanding the molecular mechanisms leading to CSOM will help in designing novel treatment modalities against the disease and hence preventing the hearing loss. Expand