• Corpus ID: 36162937

Guiding atypical facial growth back to normal. Part 2: Causative factors, patient assessment, and treatment planning.

  title={Guiding atypical facial growth back to normal. Part 2: Causative factors, patient assessment, and treatment planning.},
  author={Steve A Galella and Edward Bowen Jones and Daniel Chow and Earl I. Jones and Ari Masters},
  journal={International journal of orthodontics},
  volume={23 1},
It has been well-documented that the most common factors associated with atypical facial growth involve the airway, which when compromised, leads to mouth breathing and associated aberrant tongue function. The most common changes include downward and backward rotation of the mandible, deficient nasomaxillary complex, a vertical growth pattern, posterior displacement of the TMJ, narrow maxillary arch, dental malocclusions, and dental crowding. It is imperative that clinicians recognize, diagnose… 
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