• Corpus ID: 36162937

Guiding atypical facial growth back to normal. Part 2: Causative factors, patient assessment, and treatment planning.

@article{Galella2012GuidingAF,
  title={Guiding atypical facial growth back to normal. Part 2: Causative factors, patient assessment, and treatment planning.},
  author={Steve A Galella and Edward Bowen Jones and Daniel Chow and Earl I. Jones and Ari Masters},
  journal={International journal of orthodontics},
  year={2012},
  volume={23 1},
  pages={
          21-30
        }
}
It has been well-documented that the most common factors associated with atypical facial growth involve the airway, which when compromised, leads to mouth breathing and associated aberrant tongue function. The most common changes include downward and backward rotation of the mandible, deficient nasomaxillary complex, a vertical growth pattern, posterior displacement of the TMJ, narrow maxillary arch, dental malocclusions, and dental crowding. It is imperative that clinicians recognize, diagnose… 
2 Citations

Figures from this paper

The Critical Age and Dentocraniofacial Morphologic Deviation in Mouth Breathing patients

Age 8 was the critical point for the occurrence of dentocraniofacial deviation (DCF) in patients with OURT, and DCF morphology characteristics of OURT subjects with MB showed vertical growth pattern, Class II Angle skeletal relation with convex facial profile, narrow Bijugulare.

Using clinical cases to stimulate active learning in a short periodontal continuing professional development course.

The use of clinical cases to stimulate active learning in a short-term continuing professional development periodontal course was positively perceived by the dentists and dental hygienists in terms of feasibility and learning potential.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 66 REFERENCES

Guiding atypical facial growth back to normal. Part 1: Understanding facial growth.

Understanding of these processes, clinicians can adequately assess patients and determine the causes of these atypical facial growth patterns and design effective treatment plans and guiding facial growth back to normal.

Facial sagittal growth following partial, basal resection of the nasal septum: a retrospective study in man.

The result showed that the resection had no significant influence on sagittal facial growth, but when impeded nasal respiration was allowed to persist during childhood and youth it appeared to result in a shorter maxilla and a tendency towards a retrognathic face.

Head posture and malocclusions.

The findings were in agreement with the soft tissue stretching hypothesis, according to which the sagittal development of the dentoalveolar arches is impeded by the increased dorsally-directed soft tissue pressure in subjects with extended craniocervical posture.

Vertical facial growth: a longitudinal study from 7 to 14 years of age.

It was concluded that changes during growth with regard to the mandibular plane angle are more strongly related to the anterior than to the posterior face height.

Changes in facial morphology after adenotonsillectomy in mouth-breathing children.

After the MB rehabilitation, children between 3 and 6 years old presented significant normalization in theMandibular growth direction, a decrease in the mandible inclination, and an increase in the posterior facial height.

Facial morphology and open bite deformity in amelogenesis imperfecta. A roentgenocephalometric study.

Both males and females with enamel defects were found to have significant skeletal features, characteristic of the so-called open bite skeletal deformity, and the skeletal deviation was more marked in males than in females.

Relationship between mandibular incisor crowding and nasal mucosal swelling.

Cephalometric and dental cast variables relating to 30 male and 20 female children, 8 to 13 years old with chronic nasal mucosal swelling, were compared with those relating to age- and sex-method controls, which found the male subjects had significantly (p less than 0.01) smaller mandibular arch widths than the male controls.
...