Guidelines for optimal replacement beverages for different athletic events.

  title={Guidelines for optimal replacement beverages for different athletic events.},
  author={Carl V. Gisolfi and S M Duchman},
  journal={Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
  volume={24 6},
During exercise, especially endurance exercise in the heat, vital body fluids and essential ions are lost in sweat, and the body may deplete its glycogen stores. Unless essential body fluids are restored, these conditions can produce hypovolemia, hypoglycemia, hyponatremia, hyperthermia, and dehydration. Performance may also be reduced. This paper briefly reviews pertinent aspects of gastric emptying and intestinal absorption and proposes the formulation of beverages for ingestion both pre… CONTINUE READING


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