• Corpus ID: 25761031

Guidelines for Introducing Beneficial Insect-parasitic Nematodes into the United States.

  title={Guidelines for Introducing Beneficial Insect-parasitic Nematodes into the United States.},
  author={William R. Nickle and John J. Drea and Jack R. Coulson},
  journal={Journal of nematology},
  volume={20 Annals 2},
Guidelines are suggested to implement the introduction of beneficial insect-parasitic nematodes into the United States from abroad. These suggestions result from experiences and research with these and other biological control agents and from the current need for procedures to import nematodes. Subjects considered are need to import, foreign exploration, taxonomy, shipment, quarantine facilities, permits, host range tests, release, and documentation. Nematodes covered under these suggested… 

Impact of Entomopathogenic Nematodes on Non-target Hosts

In plots treated with entomopathogenic nematodes, the impact on the non-target fauna proved to be negligible and the possible impact of introduced exotic nematode species is discussed and regulatory measures for the release are proposed.

Introduction of exotic entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae and Steinernematidae) for biological control of insects: potential and problems

The present paper reviews the potential and concomitant risks of nematode introductions into non-native lands.

Biocontrol of Ticks by Entomopathogenic Nematodes: Research Update

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) are lethal to ticks even though they do not use their normal propagation cycle within tick cadavers, and the use of EPNs for biocontrol of ticks appears promising.

Introduction of Exotic Pathogens and Documentation of their Establishment and Impact

Importation of exotic natural enemies to establish self-sustained control of pests present challenges differing from those encountered when working with parasitoids and predators.

Genetic diversity in insect-parasitic nematodes (Rhabditida: heterorhabditidae)

Genetic variability within and among isolates of seven Heterorhabditis species using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers was determined and the banding patterns produced by RAPDs positively correlated with described morphological classification; however, H. hawaiiensis could not be separated from H. indicus, or H. marelatus from Hiliaryius.

Biological Control of Pest Non-Marine Molluscs: A Pacific Perspective on Risks to Non-Target Organisms

Empirical evidence is presented supporting the proposition that biological control of nonmarine mollusc pests has generally not been demonstrated to be safe and effective, which are the basic measures of success, which often accompany contemporary biological control programs, although without rigorous evaluations.

Evaluation of the Spatial Pattern of Steinernema riobravis in Corn Plots.

The vertical and horizontal spatial patterns of a naturally occurring population of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema riobravis (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) were investigated in corn field soil and the need to augment its natural biocontrol efficacy is indicated.

Entomopathogenic Nematode Production and Application: Regulation, Ecological Impact and Non–target Effects

In this chapter, issues related with the development and release of new biopesticides, such as those containing EPN, are illustrated and the evolution related to the pesticides in EU, the environmental impact of their production with the example of the carbon footprint assessment and the potential non–target effects of the EPN release are covered.



Guidelines for Introducing Foreign Organisms into the United States for the Biological Control of Weeds

The recent and successful use of an introduced rush pathogen, Puccinia chondrillina Bubak & Syd.

Effect of the Entomogenous Nematode Nemplectana carpocapsae on the Tachinid Parasite Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae).

  • H. Kaya
  • Biology
    Journal of nematology
  • 1984
The entomogenous nematode Neoaplectana carpocapsae and its associated bacterium, Xenorhabdus nematophilus, could not infect the pupal stage of the tachinid Compsilura concinnata through the puparium, but had an adverse effect on larvae within the armyworm host in petri dish tests.

Low susceptibility of the honey bee, Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae), to the entomogenous nematode, Neoaplectana carpocapsae Weiser

N. carpocapsae can be used against insect pests where bees occur by following normal spray precautions, and pupae placed in the honeycomb near the periphery of the hive resulted in nematode development and reproduction, probably because of the lower temperatures in this area.

Nonsusceptibility of Rats to the Entomogenous Nematode, Neoaplectana carpocapsae

Rats inoculated either per os or intraperitoneally with infective-stage juveniles of Neoaplectana carpocapsae showed no signs or symptoms of pathogenicity, toxicity, evidence of infection, or

Inoculation of Entomogenous Nematodes, Neoaplectana and Heterorhabditis and Their Associated Bacteria, Xenorhabdus spp., into Chicks and Mice

Live cells of Xenorhabdus nematophilus and X. luminescens were inoculated subcutaneously into 9-day-old White Leghorn chicks and adult Swiss albino mice and intracerebrally into suckling mice.

Non-Susceptibility of Mammals to the Entomopathogenic Bacterium Xenorhabdus nematophilus

Guinea pigs, mice, and rats were exposed to Xenorhabdus nematophilus , the entomopathogenic bacterial symbiont of Neoaplectana bibionis , by oral, intradermal, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal

Nematodes for Biological Control of Insects